EU Forum

EU Integration

Abandonment of the centre ground

25 May 2016 - 21:35
Source: foxnews.com

The Austrian presidential election brought the message straight home. The centre seems to be breaking up. Even though a respectable Green outpaced an energetic right-wing populist by the slimmest of margins, the outcome left no doubt about its symbolism. The Socialist and Christian Democratic parties, the traditional contenders for power in Austria, found themselves sidelined. And the populist right has moved into the heart of the political system. Successive crises have prepared the electoral ground for its message, which, both externally and domestically, is nationalistic and socially defensive.

Is Austria an exception in its apparent double rejection of Muslim immigration and European integration? Or are we dealing with a broader phenomenon? Yes and no. Clearly quite a few European countries are currently witnessing a rise of discontent, which is finding expression on the margins of the political system. (In fact, the current primaries in the US seem to present a similar picture in America.) The more ‘established’ parties find themselves severely challenged and under pressure. Most of this is coming from the right: the Front National in France, the Alternative für Deutschland in Germany and the Party for Law and Justice in Poland are just very visible examples. But Spain, Italy and even France show that today’s resentment is not the monopoly of the far right; it is also occurring on the left of the spectrum. So far, however, it is only in Austria - and previously in Greece and Central & Eastern Europe - that these movements are on the verge of toppling the traditional balance of power.

Are there common causes for this revolutionary unrest? Of course, local circumstances play a role, and there are also age differences between these protest movements. But generally there appear to be several new lines of conflict that are emerging all over Europe and managing to overshadow the left-right conflict that is institutionalised in most countries’ political systems. Not that right and left have disappeared as distinctive categories, but circumstances have propelled them into new guises. These new juxtapositions appear to result from the dynamic of globalisation. The financial crisis of 2008 symbolised unleashed capitalism, with its deeply undermining effects on employment, social security and a sustainable welfare state. The euro crisis of 2010 prescribed the painful recipe of budget discipline and structural adjustment to keep the common European currency afloat. Modernisation of socioeconomic systems seemed to be inescapable for both the left and the right, helping to blur their distinctive traits. ‘Grand coalitions’ between parties of the right and the left, such as those assembled in countries like Germany, Austria and the Netherlands, although not unsuccessful in their political management, accentuated this fading of ideological differences. Immigration, with its threatening effects on low-skilled labour and social entitlements, added to this development and helped create new political conflicts.

What will be the effects of this erosion of the political ‘centre’? Again, national differences can play a decisive role, for example between Germany and France. But, certainly in the short run, right-wing populist movements can be expected to continue encroaching on the power position of the centre parties. They will do this both by using the existing representative democratic system and by advocating referendums and other forms of ‘direct democracy’. They may be successful in this, even managing to create ‘illiberal democracies’, such as those that have already come into existence in some new EU member states. In response, the established parties will either try to isolate these movements in a powerless ‘quarantine’ or, alternatively, co-opt them into government coalitions and thereby seek to neutralise their electoral attraction. Mobilising the ‘democratic majority’ against the populists or making them part of the ‘system’ could be viable defensive options for the centre parties.

In the longer run it would, however, be more sensible to take people’s concerns and resentments seriously and give them a feasible political expression. This may cause traditional distinctions between left and right to reappear and require realignments on both sides of the political system. The same would need to be achieved within the EU, through enhanced democratisation of Europe.   

1247 Comments

Load comments

واجهات فلل حجر
Sat, 12/12/2020 - 19:32

Permalink

شركة الثقه للمقاولات
https://www.altheqa-eg.com/
شركة الثقه للمقاولات
https://www.altheqa-stone.com/
شركة الثقه للديكور
https://www.dekorishn-altheqa.com/
شركة الثقه للديكور
https://www.decoration-altheqa.com/
اسعار الحجر الهاشمي
https://www.altheqa-eg.com/stone-prices/
سعر متر الحجر الهاشمي
https://www.altheqa-stone.com/hashmi-stone-prices/
انواع الحجر الهاشمي , انواع الحجر الطبيعي , انواع الحجر الطبيعي فى مصر
https://www.altheqa-eg.com/stone-types/
واجهات فلل حجر هاشمى
https://www.altheqa-eg.com/%d9%88%d8%a7%d8%ac%d9%87%d8%a7%d8%aa-%d9%81%…
واجهات منازل حجر طبيعي
https://www.altheqa-eg.com/home/
واجهات حجر هاشمى
https://www.decoration-altheqa.com/%D9%88%D8%A7%D8%AC%D9%87%D8%A7%D8%AA…
واجهات حجر هاشمي
https://www.altheqa-eg.com/%D8%AA%D8%B4%D9%83%D9%8A%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%AA-%…
حجر هاشمى
https://www.altheqa-stone.com/stone-decorations/
واجهات حجر هاشمى هيصم
https://www.decoration-altheqa.com/%D9%88%D8%A7%D8%AC%D9%87%D8%A7%D8%AA…
حجر هاشمى هيصم
https://www.altheqa-stone.com/category/hism-stone/
حجر هاشمى هيصم
https://www.decoration-altheqa.com/%D8%A3%D8%AD%D8%AF%D8%AB-%D8%A3%D9%8…
واجهات فلل حجر هاشمى
https://www.dekorishn-altheqa.com/%D9%88%D8%A7%D8%AC%D9%87%D8%A7%D8%AA-…
واجهات حجر فرعوني
https://www.altheqa-stone.com/%D8%B1%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%…
واجهات حجر فرعوني , حجر فرعوني
https://www.altheqa-eg.com/%D9%88%D8%A7%D8%AC%D9%87%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A7%…
حجر فرعوني
https://www.decoration-altheqa.com/%D8%AD%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%8A%D9%87-%D8%A…
واجهات حجر فرعوني فى مصر
https://www.altheqa-stone.com/altheqa-stone/
تركيب حجر فرعوني
https://www.altheqa-eg.com/%D8%A3%D8%B1%D9%82%D8%A7%D9%85-%D8%A3%D9%81%…
واجهات منازل حجر فرعوني
https://www.altheqa-eg.com/%d8%aa%d9%86%d9%81%d9%8a%d8%b0-%d9%88%d8%a7%…
واجهات حجر فرعوني
https://www.dekorishn-altheqa.com/pharaonic-stone/
سعر متر الحجر الفرعوني
https://www.dekorishn-altheqa.com/pharaonic-stone-2/
واجهات حجر ابيض ازازي
https://www.decoration-altheqa.com/white-stone-facades/
واجهات منازل حجر ابيض ازازي
https://www.altheqa-stone.com/white-stone/
اسعار الحجر الابيض الازازي ,سعر متر الحجر الابيض الازازي
https://www.altheqa-eg.com/azazi-white-stone/
حجر فرعوني
https://www.altheqa-eg.com/%d8%aa%d8%b5%d9%85%d9%8a%d9%85%d8%a7%d8%aa-%…
تركيب ارضيات حجر بازلت
https://www.altheqa-eg.com/%d9%85%d9%85%d9%8a%d8%b2%d8%a7%d8%aa-%d8%aa%…
اسعار البازلت فى مصر
https://www.altheqa-eg.com/%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%B9%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%…
حجر بازلت
https://www.altheqa-eg.com/%D8%A7%D8%B4%D9%83%D8%A7%D9%84-%D8%AD%D8%AC%…
تركيب حجر بازلت اسود
https://www.altheqa-eg.com/%D8%AA%D8%B1%D9%83%D9%8A%D8%A8-%D8%AD%D8%AC%…
اسعار البازلت فى مصر
https://www.decoration-altheqa.com/%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%B9%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A…
سعر البازلت فى مصر
https://www.altheqa-stone.com/%D8%B3%D8%B9%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A8%D8%…
اسعار البازلت فى مصر
https://www.dekorishn-altheqa.com/%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%B9%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7…

ارضيات حجر بازلت
https://www.altheqa-stone.com/stone-basalt/
واجهات حجر هاشمى ابيض ازازي
https://www.altheqa-eg.com/%d9%88%d8%a7%d8%ac%d9%87%d8%a7%d8%aa-%d8%ad%…
ديكورات حجر هاشمي
https://www.altheqa-stone.com/%d9%81%d9%86-%d8%a7%d8%ae%d8%aa%d9%8a%d8%…
تشطيب واجهات منازل حجر هاشمى
https://www.dekorishn-altheqa.com/%d8%aa%d8%b4%d8%b7%d9%8a%d8%a8-%d9%88…

situs poker online
Thu, 12/17/2020 - 00:03

Permalink

<a herf=”https://asics-running4.blogspot.com”>Bandar poker Terpercaya</a>
<a herf=”https://cintaqiuqiu.blogspot.com”>Bandar poker Terpercaya</a>
<a herf=”http://dewacintaqq1.blogspot.com”>Bandar poker Terpercaya</a>
<a herf=”http://dewacintaqq4.blogspot.com”>Bandar poker Terpercaya</a>
<a herf=”http://dewacintaqq6.blogspot.com”>Bandar poker Terpercaya</a>
<a herf=”https://pokerqq2.blogspot.com”>situs Poker</a>
<a herf=”http://dewacintaqq2.blogspot.com”>Bandar poker Terpercaya</a>
<a herf=”http://dewacintaqq2.blogspot.com”>Dewacintaqq</a>
<a herf=”http://dewacintaqq2.blogspot.com”>Dewacintaqq.com</a>
<a herf=”http://dewacintaqq2.blogspot.com”>Dewa cintaqq</a>
<a herf=”http://dewacintaqq2.blogspot.com”>Poker Online</a>
<a herf=”http://dewacintaqq2.blogspot.com”>Domino 99</a>
<a herf=”http://dewacintaqq2.blogspot.com”>BandarQ</a>
<a herf=”http://dewacintaqq2.blogspot.com”>link alternatif Dewacintaqq</a>
<a herf=”http://dewacintaqq2.blogspot.com”>Daftar Dewacintaqq</a>

<a herf=”http://dewacintaqq8.blogspot.com”>Bandar poker Terpercaya</a>
<a herf=”http://dewacintaqq8.blogspot.com”>dewacintaqq</a>
<a herf=”http://dewacintaqq8.blogspot.com”>dewacintaqq.com</a>
<a herf=”http://dewacintaqq8.blogspot.com”>dewa cintaqq</a>
<a herf=”http://dewacintaqq8.blogspot.com”>Cinta</a>
<a herf=”http://dewacintaqq8.blogspot.com”>daftar dewacintaqq</a>
<a herf=”http://dewacintaqq8.blogspot.com”>link alternatif dewacintaqq</a>

<a herf=”http://dewacintaqq69.blogspot.com”>Bandar poker Terpercaya</a>
<a herf=”https://kapaldomino6.blogspot.com”>Bandar poker Terpercaya</a>

<a herf=”https://linktr.ee/Bandartogel2”>SITUS TOGEL ONLINE</a>
<a herf=”https://linktr.ee/Bandartogel2”>Situs Togel Hongkong</a>
<a herf=”https://linktr.ee/Bandartogel2”>Situs Togel Singapore</a>

<a herf=”https://asics-running3.blogspot.com”>Bandar poker terpercaya</a>
<a herf=”https://dominohalo2.blogspot.com”>Daftar Dominohalo</a>

<a herf=”https://asics-running2.blogspot.com”>Bandar poker terpercaya</a>
<a herf=”https://twinpoker2.blogspot.com”>Daftar twinpoker88</a>

<a herf=”https://asics-running1.blogspot.com”>Bandar poker terpercaya</a>
<a herf=”https://delimapoker6.blogspot.com”>Daftar Delimapoker</a>

<a herf=”https://asics-running.blogspot.com”>Bandar poker terpercaya</a>
<a herf=”https://papadomino2.blogspot.com”>Daftar Papadomino</a>
<a herf=”https://cintaqiuqiu.blogspot.com”>Poker Indonesia</a>

Add new comment

Your name: Anonymous

Restricted HTML

  • Allowed HTML tags: <a href hreflang> <em> <strong> <cite> <blockquote cite> <code> <ul type> <ol start type> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <h2 id> <h3 id> <h4 id> <h5 id> <h6 id>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically.

Plain text

  • No HTML tags allowed.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically.