EU Forum

Security

Numbers are easier than strategies

19 Sep 2017 - 09:58
Source: European Council/Flickr

Everyone seems to agree that Europe needs to strengthen its defence. The changes in the European security political environment are obvious and demand simultaneous action on various fronts. The UK’s approaching withdrawal from the EU forms another reason to consolidate defence cooperation among the remaining 27 member states. Hence, there is considerable support for the current initiatives in the EU’s security and defence policy, which are taking this policy in a more pragmatic direction. These initiatives are now taken forward by a renewed Franco-German tandem with a particularly strong commitment to a deepening EU integration.

The planning and production of military capabilities is first of all meant to become a more joint European project. The European Defence Fund will take cooperation in R & T and joint purchases to a new level. Together with other supportive measures being adopted, it aims to safeguard the vitality and competitiveness of the European defence industry. A more concerted production of capabilities necessitates more concerted planning when it comes to needs. Procurement cooperation is, consequently, expected to foster a more cooperative approach among European governments when it comes to identifying their capability requirements. The activation of the long dormant clause on Permanent Structured Cooperation (Pesco) is expected after the German elections and should push both operational and procurement cooperation along.

A strong focus on capabilities is beneficial also from NATO’s perspective and makes its relationship with the EU much less strained. Using the EU’s policies and instruments to their full potential should increase the efficiency of European defence budgets and help European allies to reach their 2% targets within NATO. Enhanced cooperative planning and the production of capabilities within the EU should benefit all potential users of those capabilities, with NATO being the chief beneficiary among them.

The new approach to European defence policy revolves around money. It is not the first time that economic necessities have compelled the member states to move ahead with European integration. It seems to be much easier to formulate the common goals for European defence in terms of numbers, such as levels of spending, numbers of troops, and types of procurement, rather than by agreeing on the strategic needs. From a functional perspective, defining strategic needs should come first, however.

Nonetheless, the most recent efforts that have been made to agree on the EU’s strategic needs and to link them to its capability planning deserve recognition. The EU’s Global Strategy adopted in 2016 is very clear-cut in dividing the EU’s major security interests into the protection of its own citizens and territory, the resilience of its neighbourhood, and issues of global security. A historic step was taken in the form of the implementation plan on defence – and corresponding Council conclusions – translating these strategic priorities into needs in terms of policies and instruments.

First of all, the Global Strategy made it clear that it is no longer possible for the EU to rest on its laurels when it comes to hard security needs. European defence is a joint responsibility and the protection the EU requires takes a variety of forms. Second, the new documents made it obvious that there is a fine line between internal and external security.

That said, the EU should now adopt an equally bold approach in defining its strategic capability needs in terms of their nature and planned tasks. If the EU – in the atmosphere of its global strategy – wants to send a strong message to potential aggressors against its internal and external security – coherence between words and deeds is required to achieve the necessary credibility and deterrence. The EU has thus far been reluctant to step into this field in order not to undermine the role of NATO in European hard security. But in the same way that an EU that is well-resourced and solid in terms of its military technology can be seen to serve NATO’s purposes, so can an EU that is alert to its strategic needs and vulnerabilities.

With its common external borders and level of internal interdependencies, the EU will be an attractive target for multiple aggressors unless it is able to send a much more convincing message about its ability and willingness to take full advantage of its accumulated defence potential. The scene is now set for a strong Franco-German leadership on this issue as complementing the EU’s role in security and defence has to be built on their firm mutual commitment.

-------------

Teija Tiilikainen is Director of the Finnish Institute of International Affairs and Editor in chief of Ulkopolitiikka - the Finnish Journal of Foreign Affairs.

4430 Comments

Load comments

Escort Services in Aerocity
Mon, 02/15/2021 - 05:50

Permalink

<a href="https://www.escortservicesaerocity.com/">Call Girls in Aerocity</a> : One of the foremost famous area near Gandhi International airport in New Delhi to possess a pleasing stay is Aerocity and Mahipalpur. With numerous lights lighting up the world from dusk to dawn, Aerocity never sleeps. From finding cheap hotels to a number of the foremost popular 5 star hotels, Aerocity got everything for you. From a good range of services and activities available in Aerocity around the clock, we provide <a href="https://www.escortservicesaerocity.com/">Escort Services in Aerocity</a> 24 hours of the day. From a full packaged service, with pick-up, bedroom to meeting a gorgeous escort, our agency got everything sorted out for you in only a call to form your stay in New Delhi a gift one. you'll find Russian, independent, professional models, businesswomen, housewife and high-profile escorts for in-call and out-call services in Aerocity around the clock with us.

<a href="https://www.heenaescortservice.com/escort-services-in-welcome/">Escort Services in Connaught Place</a>

Escort Services In Karol Bagh
Mon, 02/15/2021 - 05:51

Permalink

If you're trying to find <a href="https://www.heenaescortservice.com/contact-us-cheap-call-girls-in-karol… Services In Karol Bagh</a> and call girls in karol bagh you're at right place. We at Heena Singh one among the simplest Escort Agency in Karol Bagh providing high class escort in Karol Bagh, Russian escort in Karol Bagh, Model Escorts in Karol Bagh and Sexy Housewife escorts in Karol Bagh.

Steps to Book <a href="https://www.heenaescortservice.com/contact-us-cheap-call-girls-in-karol… Girls In Karol Bagh</a>

At Heena Singh escort agency you'll book online karol bagh escorts with karol bagh call girls services. we've karol bagh prostitute number to form a booking and schedule for dating.

Hire an independent karol bagh escorts with below methods

Make an immediate call to karol bagh escorts agency to urge karol bagh escorts service.
By searching online prostitute in karol bagh
By selecting escort service in karol bagh
Call us on 9773622641 for more details.

Escort service in Pitampura
Mon, 02/15/2021 - 05:52

Permalink

The VIP number of escorts does have particular features and are selected for the highest level class of consumers. they're pretty knowledgeable and most of them continue to possess a master’s degree also. These girls pay tons of attention to manners and are pretty clothed. Good looking <a href="https://www.heenaescortservice.com/about-us-escort-service-in-pitampura… service in Pitampura</a> Introducing Necessary Escorts service so Your Wait Ends here, Get VIP contemporary VIP call girls are available for 24 7 Now. Name with none Hesitation. The <a href="https://www.heenaescortservice.com/about-us-escort-service-in-pitampura… girls in Pitampura</a> wish to be loved and that they will shower you within the same manner. Just make sure that you hook up with them with a touch of affection and that they are getting to adhere to an equivalent model. One factor is needless to say your lifestyle goes to receive the specified increase. it's not only their ability but they are doing have features to relax out your mind.

<a href="https://www.heenaescortservice.com/high-profile-call-girls-in-mahipalpu… Girls in Aerocity</a>

Escort Services in Lajpat Nagar
Mon, 02/15/2021 - 05:54

Permalink

The sexy hot girls are available at Lajpat Nagar escorts agency which executes your mood fresh. If you're pronouncing call girls in Lajpat Nagar for fun so our escorts agency is that the right accommodation, you'll find the wide variation of <a href="https://www.heenaescortservice.com/escort-services-in-lajpat-nagar/">Ca… girls in Lajpat Nagar</a>. Our girls are fully informed and provides the simplest service within the bed. she is going to make your every second more pleasurable whenever you are feeling alone you'll only book our assistance. Our escorts agency has quite 10-years' conversance during this field and now our clients are determined they're going to only schedule our escorts in Lajpat Nagar. Our agency is that the transferred company and that they will produce beautiful escorts she is going to achieve your all sexual needs. If you would like to enjoy the important fun with the sexy girl so you'll book our <a href="https://www.heenaescortservice.com/escort-services-in-lajpat-nagar/">Es… Services in Lajpat Nagar</a>.

oosinet Transcription Services is genuinely a trailblazer in the record field. We are one of the absolute first organizations to offer advanced record. We can interpret all computerized document designs, just as standard and miniature tape tapes. We are continually taking a gander at the most current patterns in the business with the goal that we can offer you the most ideal assistance. The one thing we highly esteem the most is the time we take to explore names, spellings, specialized terms, and so on to ensure they are right. We believe we blow away what is regular in the business to really give a quality item. Visit our official site https://oosinet.com/ to get best transcription services.

Cyberthum Bhutani
Wed, 02/17/2021 - 08:09

Permalink

Thank you for your valuable and useful information through the blog. I am appreciating with the way you shared the relevant, precious, and perfect information. Furthermore, I would like to also keep some sound knowledge of <a href="https://www.cyberthumbhutani.in/"&gt; Cyberthum Bhutani</a>. If someone is facing any types of trouble such as location overview, free visit, nearest points, space availabilities, and many more so just visit our website and drop your number and take the complete information about <a href="https://www.cyberthumbhutani.in/"&gt; Cyberthum Bhutani</a> Noida Sector 140 and send me your valuable feedback on our website. I hope, you will get immediate assistance and right information through our website.

Add new comment

Your name: Anonymous

Restricted HTML

  • Allowed HTML tags: <a href hreflang> <em> <strong> <cite> <blockquote cite> <code> <ul type> <ol start type> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <h2 id> <h3 id> <h4 id> <h5 id> <h6 id>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically.

Plain text

  • No HTML tags allowed.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically.