EU Forum

Security

Numbers are easier than strategies

19 Sep 2017 - 09:58
Source: European Council/Flickr

Everyone seems to agree that Europe needs to strengthen its defence. The changes in the European security political environment are obvious and demand simultaneous action on various fronts. The UK’s approaching withdrawal from the EU forms another reason to consolidate defence cooperation among the remaining 27 member states. Hence, there is considerable support for the current initiatives in the EU’s security and defence policy, which are taking this policy in a more pragmatic direction. These initiatives are now taken forward by a renewed Franco-German tandem with a particularly strong commitment to a deepening EU integration.

The planning and production of military capabilities is first of all meant to become a more joint European project. The European Defence Fund will take cooperation in R & T and joint purchases to a new level. Together with other supportive measures being adopted, it aims to safeguard the vitality and competitiveness of the European defence industry. A more concerted production of capabilities necessitates more concerted planning when it comes to needs. Procurement cooperation is, consequently, expected to foster a more cooperative approach among European governments when it comes to identifying their capability requirements. The activation of the long dormant clause on Permanent Structured Cooperation (Pesco) is expected after the German elections and should push both operational and procurement cooperation along.

A strong focus on capabilities is beneficial also from NATO’s perspective and makes its relationship with the EU much less strained. Using the EU’s policies and instruments to their full potential should increase the efficiency of European defence budgets and help European allies to reach their 2% targets within NATO. Enhanced cooperative planning and the production of capabilities within the EU should benefit all potential users of those capabilities, with NATO being the chief beneficiary among them.

The new approach to European defence policy revolves around money. It is not the first time that economic necessities have compelled the member states to move ahead with European integration. It seems to be much easier to formulate the common goals for European defence in terms of numbers, such as levels of spending, numbers of troops, and types of procurement, rather than by agreeing on the strategic needs. From a functional perspective, defining strategic needs should come first, however.

Nonetheless, the most recent efforts that have been made to agree on the EU’s strategic needs and to link them to its capability planning deserve recognition. The EU’s Global Strategy adopted in 2016 is very clear-cut in dividing the EU’s major security interests into the protection of its own citizens and territory, the resilience of its neighbourhood, and issues of global security. A historic step was taken in the form of the implementation plan on defence – and corresponding Council conclusions – translating these strategic priorities into needs in terms of policies and instruments.

First of all, the Global Strategy made it clear that it is no longer possible for the EU to rest on its laurels when it comes to hard security needs. European defence is a joint responsibility and the protection the EU requires takes a variety of forms. Second, the new documents made it obvious that there is a fine line between internal and external security.

That said, the EU should now adopt an equally bold approach in defining its strategic capability needs in terms of their nature and planned tasks. If the EU – in the atmosphere of its global strategy – wants to send a strong message to potential aggressors against its internal and external security – coherence between words and deeds is required to achieve the necessary credibility and deterrence. The EU has thus far been reluctant to step into this field in order not to undermine the role of NATO in European hard security. But in the same way that an EU that is well-resourced and solid in terms of its military technology can be seen to serve NATO’s purposes, so can an EU that is alert to its strategic needs and vulnerabilities.

With its common external borders and level of internal interdependencies, the EU will be an attractive target for multiple aggressors unless it is able to send a much more convincing message about its ability and willingness to take full advantage of its accumulated defence potential. The scene is now set for a strong Franco-German leadership on this issue as complementing the EU’s role in security and defence has to be built on their firm mutual commitment.

-------------

Teija Tiilikainen is Director of the Finnish Institute of International Affairs and Editor in chief of Ulkopolitiikka - the Finnish Journal of Foreign Affairs.

2861 Comments

Load comments

As much as assignments are key in testing the understanding of the learner, they may prove to be tiresome and time-consuming. The Statistics Assignment Help’ offers online eviews assignment help for students to have their assignments done within the stipulated deadline. We offer eviews homework help or eviews homework help through our expert writers with years of experience in using e-views.

https://www.thestatisticsassignmenthelp.com/eviews-assignment-help

We provide to you engineering assignment help at your doorstep. Our assignment help is written as per the needs and requirements of the students. Top quality engineering assignments without any sort of errors submitted to the students which will definitely going to fetch them, golden grades. Taking the help from the experienced and expertise Engineering Assignment Help writers will be great in increasing your class performance. Spend your time on other productive work and leave this one for us. If you take our assistance you will be keen in seeking it again and again. Such kind of work is given to the students which never disappoint them; instead, it provides them the utmost satisfaction in online engineering assignment help.
https://allassignmentexperts.com/engineering-assignment-help

In the past few years, the popularity of <a href="https://www.freevpndetective.com/">free vpn service</a> has steadily increased, but for obvious reasons, this growth rate will accelerate sharply by 2020 and more and more people want to work and play at home. Is free VPN the answer? And if so, where should you go? [url=https://www.freevpndetective.com/]https://www.freevpndetective.com/[/url] https://www.freevpndetective.com

The preferred insurance plan for your <a href="https://www.dentalinsuranceguides.com/">dental insurance</a> should not just save money but also provide you peace of mind, with the knowledge that you’ll be covered as needed. Your smile and teeth rely on regular visits to your dentist, and a solid dental insurance plan will ensure your teeth stay white for years to come. [url=https://www.dentalinsuranceguides.com/]https://www.dentalinsuranceguide…] https://www.dentalinsuranceguides.com

Our experts cover macroeconomics, microeconomics, managerial economics, international economics and as complex subjects as climate change economics essay assignment, advanced econometrics assignment, and so on.
With our dedicated Economics assignment help team for distinct sub-topics, we ensure that your assignment fulfils all the assignment requirements. So, stringently following the marking rubric, our experts are well-versed with the complexity of the assignment required as well as the referencing style required to be used in your essay. All the experts are experienced professionals who have had decade-long industrial experience in helping students with all their academic requirements. So, once you hand over your essay requirements to our Economics Essay Writing experts, you can be rest assured to get HD grades.
https://www.theessayassignmenthelp.com/economics-essay-help

Plastic inflatable dolls came about in 1968, when it became legal to sell <a href="https://www.carinsurancestars.com/">car insurance</a> via mail. By the 1980s, they were in sex shops. With the continual development of Artificial intelligence , the level of companionship has entered a new realm where the entire landscape of sexual toys <a href=https://www.carinsurancestars.com/>car insurance</a>[url=https://www.sexdolls.today/]https://www.sexdolls.today/[/url] https://www.sexdolls.today

The <a href="https://www.dysonvacuumcleaners.com/">dyson air purifier</a> fan automatically removes 99.97 percent of allergens and pollutants as small as 0.3 microns such as pollen, bacteria and pet dander from your home. The 360 degree, vacuum-sealed glass HEPA filter removes indoor air pollutants while a second layer of activated carbon captures household odors and potentially harmful toxins such as paint fumes. Purifies all year round cools you as a fan in summer.

"Single sound bar provides better sound quality compared to your TV.The
<a href=""https://www.bissellvacuumcleaners.com/"">Bissell Vacuum Cleaners</a> is an easy solution, with advanced technologies that deliver the clear audio your TV can’t.
Dialogue mode to make every word and detail stand out
Bluetooth connectivity to wirelessly stream music from any of your devices
One connection to your TV. Optical audio input (digital); Coaxial audio input (digital); 3.5 mm aux input (analog)
Universal remote controls TV, bass, Bluetooth connections and more
Speaker:2.6 H x 21.6 W x 3.4 D (3.73 lbs), Remote control:4.1 H x 1.6 W x 0.4 D (5 oz)"

Thank you for your post, I look for such article along time, today i find it finally. this post give me lots of advise it is very useful for me

http://geometry-dash.net

Add new comment

Your name: Anonymous

Restricted HTML

  • Allowed HTML tags: <a href hreflang> <em> <strong> <cite> <blockquote cite> <code> <ul type> <ol start type> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <h2 id> <h3 id> <h4 id> <h5 id> <h6 id>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically.

Plain text

  • No HTML tags allowed.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically.