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European defence: can Macron apply the touch?

09 Jun 2017 - 12:51

You know that something is afoot when the French start forgetting to be grumpy. Irrespective of one's politics, it would be stating the obvious to say that Emmanuel Macron pulled off a master tactical coup in beating all the country's seasoned politicians to the presidential post. In the process he uncommonly remembered to give assurances outside of his domestic audience: he gave Berlin its due and he was not shy to speak with Anglo-Saxon newspapers, thus laying the ground for his current European charm offensive.

Macron has been hitting all the French “feel-good” buttons

Macron is now riding the wave: he introduced himself to the world by swaggering into the NATO-leaders meeting on 25 May last, and endeared himself to it by mischievously tapping into the global anti-Trump backlash on the Paris Climate Accord. In doing so, he has been hitting all the French "feel-good" buttons: standing up to what has been perceived as Donald Trump's bullying, short-sighted, transactional, zero-sum and interest-driven politics. He now has some tricky parliamentary elections around the corner, but all goes to show that the French have surprised themselves into being proud of their new president, and are prepared to give him a real mandate to reform in June.

Giraffe theory

As a political strategist recently put it, Macron has unveiled his plans for France like the spots of the giraffe, but without the giraffe. He has proceeded in small impressionist touches which have built trust and confidence, and which have laid the ground for further action. But the bigger plan itself is only slowly becoming clear. During the previous presidency François Hollande similarly proceeded in small impressionist touches, but the giraffe itself never appeared. You saw the spots, yet the bigger picture never became clear, and so his mandate ultimately ended in a blur. It appears that Macron did actually have a plan for France. Once the hurdle of the June elections is over the EU will be asking whether Macron, unlike his predecessor Hollande, has a plan for Europe too.

Emmanuel Macron has much of what Europe needs. It does not lack treaties, laws, regulations, institutional expertise and technical know-how – but it lacks youth, hope, energy, belief, trust, solidarity, and a connection to its peoples.

The recent discussion on “permanent structured cooperation” has once more divided EU capitals instead of driving them forward

Much of the Union’s internal debates are symptomatic of these ills. It has become clear, for example, that waiting for everybody to agree around the table to make progress on European defence is not working. To break the deadlock, one logical conclusion was to let a core group of member states make progress in the field, unhindered by those who were less keen. But when this very sensible idea was digested by the EU’s machine and came out the other side, it had become indigestible.

The recent discussion on flexible integration in defence, which is what the Lisbon Treaty calls “permanent structured cooperation”, has once more divided EU capitals instead of driving them forward. It got caught in legal turf wars before it was even clear what it was actually for, and has since been beset by bad tempered, small-minded politics and institutional infighting. It needs perspective, vision and good politics. Can Macron deliver this?

A Macron Plan for Europe?

There is a window of opportunity casted wide open by the new American president. It is much easier today to make the case that it is time for Europe to take its fate into its own hands, as the German Chancellor put it in the wake of the NATO meeting in May. After the June parliamentary race and in the run-up to the German elections in September, Emmanuel Macron can set about capitalising on the good will and political credit he has garnered. True, he may soon find out that making concrete progress on common EU defence is the external equivalent of trying to reform the French labour market. The level of inertia and reticence in national defence establishments across Europe is similar to French attachment to the status quo in labour reform.

The new French president’s path is therefore a narrow one. To give himself a fighting chance, he will need to steer clear of the institutional entrenchments, technical discussions and bad politics of EU defence, and inject some good sentiment, trust, and energy. EU defence discussions are often too political, but in a bad way: they divide more than they bring Europeans closer. Macron needs to be hyper-political, but in a good way. He will have to strike a grand political bargain in the autumn with the new German Chancellor, which covers not just security but also economic and social reforms. It might helpfully include some form of division of labour in defence (support vs. first entry, high intensity vs. low or mid intensity) with 3 or 4 big flagship projects.

In the run-up to the 2017 December Council, this Franco-German plan should strive to be as inclusive as possible, and rope in all EU capitals that show good will and wish to move forward in good faith. The European Commission announced this week its bold new plan to support EU defence cooperation. European capitals should take a leaf out of the Commission’s book: they need to be daring, lead the agenda, and then just do it.

Olivier de France is Research Director at IRIS, the French Institute for International and Strategic Affairs.

This opinion is published with the support of the Adessium Foundation.

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In 2019, BP global signed a memorandum of understanding with China’s Zhejiang Petroleum and Chemical Corporation to explore the possibilities of establishing a new, equally owned joint venture. As a result of this joint venture, the companies are planning to open an acetic acid plant in the province of Zhoushan, Zhejiang, which will significantly boost up the production of acetic anhydride. The facility will be provided with Zhejiang Petroleum and Chemical Corporation’s integral refining and manufacturing complex at Zhoushan and become the largest acetic acid plant for BP worldwide. This development is expected to influence the production cost of acetic anhydride.

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The production cost report by Procurement Resource assesses the production of acetic anhydride via methyl acetate, via acetic acid, and via acetic acid and acetone. In one of the most common methods, methyl acetate is converted into methyl iodide and acetate salt. Methyl iodide then undergoes carbonylation to form acetyl iodide, which reacts with acetate salts or acetic acid to give out acetic anhydride. Rhodium chloride is used as a catalyst for this reaction in the presence of lithium iodide.

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Procurement Resource ensures that our clients remain at the vanguard of their industries by providing actionable procurement intelligence with the help of our expert analysts, researchers, and domain experts. Our team of highly seasoned analysts undertake extensive research to provide our customers with the latest and up-to-date market reports, cost-models, price analysis, benchmarking, and category insights, which aid in simplifying the procurement process for our clientele. We work with a diverse range of procurement teams across industries to get real-time data and insights that can be effectively implemented by our customers. We also track the prices and production costs of an extensive range of goods and commodities, thus, providing you with the updated and reliable data. We, at Procurement Resource, with the help of the latest and cutting-edge techniques in the industry, help our clients understand the supply chain, procurement, and industry climate, so that they can form strategies which ensure their optimum growth.

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Address: 30 N Gould St, Sheridan, WY 82801, USA.
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The new report by Procurement Resource,a global procurement research and consulting firm, looks in-depth into the costs involved in the production of acetylene. The comprehensive report analyses the production cost of the material,covering the raw material costs and co-product credit,equipment costs, land and site costs,labour wages,maintenance costs, financing charges,and the depreciation costs. The extensive study describes the step wise consumption of material and utilities along with a detailed process flow diagram. The report also assesses the latest developments within the acetylene industry that might influence the costs of production, looking into the capacity expansions, plant turnarounds, and mergers, acquisitions, and investments.

Download a free sample of the production cost of acetylene acid from coal and many [email protected] https://www.procurementresource.com/cost-analysis/acetylene-production-…

Acetylene, variously known as ethyne, is a hydrocarbon that is the simplest alkyne. It is a colourless gas which has a garlic-like smell. Acetylene is an extremely flammable gas that is mostly utilised, as a fuel as well as a synthetic building block. The combustion of acetylene gives rise to a flame of temperature of over 3,600 Kelvin, thereby releasing about 11.8 kJ/g of energy. Acetylene is used for welding and cutting. The welding process that uses acetylene is known as oxy-fuel cutting or gas cutting. It is used in the manufacturing of synthetic rubber, brazing, and is an important gas used in the glass industry.

Driven by the growth of the Chinese PVC and 1,4-butanediol acetylenic chemicals, the global consumption of acetylene was estimated to grow at a healthy pace. But since the COVID-19 pandemic has struck the markets, the demand for fuel has plummeted, thereby hampering the manufacturing pace of acetylene, making the industrial growth a little sluggish. However, the synthetic rubber industry, which is also instrumental in driving the acetylene market, is witnessing an increase in demand. Thus, the synthetic rubber industry, along with the welding and cutting industries, have the potential to augment the growth of the acetylene market in the coming years. These factors are expected to impact the production cost of acetylene.

Read the full production cost analysis report of [email protected] https://www.procurementresource.com/production-cost-report-store/acetyl…

The production cost report by Procurement Resource assesses the production of acetylene via methane, via coal, and via natural gas. In the process of the production of acetylene via coal, the reaction of calcium oxide and coal takes place in an electric furnace to give calcium carbide. The calcium carbide, thus, produced is further hydrolysed to produce acetylene, along with calcium hydroxide as a by-product.

About Us:

Procurement Resource ensures that our clients remain at the vanguard of their industries by providing actionable procurement intelligence with the help of our expert analysts, researchers, and domain experts. Our team of highly seasoned analysts undertake extensive research to provide our customers with the latest and up-to-date market reports, cost-models, price analysis, benchmarking, and category insights, which aid in simplifying the procurement process for our clientele. We work with a diverse range of procurement teams across industries to get real-time data and insights that can be effectively implemented by our customers. We also track the prices and production costs of an extensive range of goods and commodities, thus, providing you with the updated and reliable data. We, at Procurement Resource, with the help of the latest and cutting-edge techniques in the industry, help our clients understand the supply chain, procurement, and industry climate, so that they can form strategies which ensure their optimum growth.

Media Contact

Company Name: IMARC
Contact Person: Chris Byrd, Corporate Sales Specialist – U.S.A.
Email: [email protected]
USA:- +1-213-316-7435
India:- +91 8586081494
Europe & Asia:- +44 702-402-5790
Address: 30 N Gould St, Sheridan, WY 82801, USA.
Country: United States
Follow us on twitter: @procurementrs
Website: https://www.procurementresource.com

Endru Smith
ma, 09/14/2020 - 10:41

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The new report by Procurement Resource, a global procurement research and consulting firm, looks in-depth into the costs involved in the production of ammonium chloride. The comprehensive report analyses the production cost of the material, covering raw material costs and co-product credit, equipment costs, land and site costs, labour wages, maintenance costs, financing charges, and the depreciation cost. The extensive study describes the step-wise consumption of material and utilities, along with a detailed process flow diagram. The report also assesses the latest developments within the ammonium chloride industry that might influence the costs of production, looking into the capacity expansions, plant turnarounds, and mergers, acquisitions, and investments.

Download a free sample of the production cost of ammonium chloride from solvay process and many [email protected] https://www.procurementresource.com/cost-analysis/ammonium-chloride-pro…

Ammonium chloride is an inorganic compound, which is also known as sal ammoniac, the salt of ammonia and hydrogen chloride. It is found as a white crystalline powder that is highly soluble in water. Ammonium chloride has its applications in a variety of industries like food, batteries, medicine, metalwork, laboratory work, and more. The main application of ammonium chloride is to provide the nitrogen source for fertilisers, such as chloroammonium phosphate, and due to this application, it has been in steady demand throughout the pandemic.

With the COVID-19 pandemic adversely affecting the overall chemical industry, the production chains were disrupted throughout the globe. In order to prevent significant losses, the companies started focusing more on health and sanitation-related products, which means that ammonium chloride’s demand went significantly lower than usual. Studies proposed by universities in Brazil in the year 2019 showed that using ammonium chloride as a fertiliser excessively increases the electrical conductivity of the soil, making it an efficient fertiliser. This has aided the demand growth for ammonium chloride within the agriculture industry globally. These factors are expected to influence the production cost of ammonium chloride.

Read the full production cost analysis report of ammonium [email protected] https://www.procurementresource.com/production-cost-report-store/ammoni…

The production cost report by Procurement Resource assesses the production of ammonium chloride via the Solvay process and via ammonia and hydrochloric acid. In one of the most common methods to produce ammonium chloride, sodium chloride, and ammonia react in the presence of carbon dioxide and water, which results in sodium carbonate and ammonium chloride.

About Us:

Procurement Resource ensures that our clients remain at the vanguard of their industries by providing actionable procurement intelligence with the help of our expert analysts, researchers, and domain experts. Our team of highly seasoned analysts undertake extensive research to provide our customers with the latest and up-to-date market reports, cost-models, price analysis, benchmarking, and category insights, which aid in simplifying the procurement process for our clientele. We work with a diverse range of procurement teams across industries to get real-time data and insights that can be effectively implemented by our customers. We also track the prices and production costs of an extensive range of goods and commodities, thus, providing you with the updated and reliable data. We, at Procurement Resource, with the help of the latest and cutting-edge techniques in the industry, help our clients understand the supply chain, procurement, and industry climate, so that they can form strategies which ensure their optimum growth.

Media Contact

Company Name: IMARC
Contact Person: Chris Byrd, Corporate Sales Specialist – U.S.A.
Email: [email protected]
USA:- +1-213-316-7435
India:- +91 8586081494
Europe & Asia:- +44 702-402-5790
Address: 30 N Gould St, Sheridan, WY 82801, USA.
Country: United States
Follow us on twitter: @procurementrs
Website: https://www.procurementresource.com

Endru Smith
ma, 09/14/2020 - 10:43

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The new report by Procurement Resource, a global procurement research and consulting firm, looks in-depth into the costs involved in the production of aniline. The comprehensive report analyses the production cost of the material, covering raw material costs, and co-product credit, equipment costs, land and site costs, labour wages, maintenance costs, financing charges, and the depreciation cost. The extensive study describes the step-wise consumption of material and utilities, along with a detailed process flow diagram. The report also assesses the latest developments within the aniline industry that might influence the costs of production, looking into the capacity expansions, plant turnarounds, and mergers, acquisitions, and investments.

Download a free sample of the production cost of aniline from benzene and many [email protected] https://www.procurementresource.com/cost-analysis/aniline-production-fr…

Aniline is an organic compound and also the simplest aromatic amine. It has a foul odour. Aniline is highly combustible and burns with a smoky flame. Its main applications include the production of precursors to polyurethane and other industrial chemicals. The largest usage of aniline is the preparation of methylenedianiline and related compounds by condensation with formaldehyde. Moreover, other applications of aniline include its use in the manufacturing of indigo dye, antioxidants, paracetamol, rocket fuel, rubber, and more.

Despite the COVID-19 crisis, the aniline industry is expected to continue to witness growth. This is because of its applications in the pharmaceutical industry as it is one of the most essential industries amidst the crisis. Aniline is used to make paracetamol, which is emerging as a significant drug during the pandemic. With rapid urbanisation, the demand for aniline is also growing as its downstream products are extensively used in the construction industry. These factors are expected to influence the production cost of aniline.

Read the full production cost analysis report of [email protected] https://www.procurementresource.com/production-cost-report-store/aniline

The production cost report by Procurement Resource assesses the production of aniline via benzene and via the cumene process. In one of the most common methods to obtain aniline, benzene undergoes nitration using nitric acid and sulphuric acid, giving out nitrobenzene, which is further hydrogenated at a high temperature in the presence of a metal catalyst to give out aniline.

Also, Read Price Trends of [email protected] https://www.procurementresource.com/resource-center/aniline-price-trends

About Us:

Procurement Resource ensures that our clients remain at the vanguard of their industries by providing actionable procurement intelligence with the help of our expert analysts, researchers, and domain experts. Our team of highly seasoned analysts undertake extensive research to provide our customers with the latest and up-to-date market reports, cost-models, price analysis, benchmarking, and category insights, which aid in simplifying the procurement process for our clientele. We work with a diverse range of procurement teams across industries to get real-time data and insights that can be effectively implemented by our customers. We also track the prices and production costs of an extensive range of goods and commodities, thus, providing you with the updated and reliable data. We, at Procurement Resource, with the help of the latest and cutting-edge techniques in the industry.

Media Contact

Company Name: IMARC
Contact Person: Chris Byrd, Corporate Sales Specialist – U.S.A.
Email: [email protected]
USA:- +1-213-316-7435
India:- +91 8586081494
Europe & Asia:- +44 702-402-5790
Address: 30 N Gould St, Sheridan, WY 82801, USA.
Country: United States
Follow us on twitter: @procurementrs
Website: https://www.procurementresource.com

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