EU Forum

Social Europe

German elections: enabling or preventing a socially balanced EU?

12 Sep 2017 - 12:27
Bron: Wikimedia Commons
The German elections reveal two different paradigms

Dramatically high youth unemployment, higher risks of poverty and social exclusion as well as growing discontent with market-driven globalisation: given the multitude of crises in Europe, one could imagine that Social Europe would be a topic at the heart of national election debates. That is only partly true for Germany. In the French elections, the question if and how the EU serves the people played an important role. On the other side of the Rhine, and close to the general elections in late September, Social Europe remains rather low on the political agenda. This tranquillity seems odd: looking at the parties’ manifestos, there is strong disagreement on future ideas. While the progressive camp sees a European social dimension as a key demand, the conservatives and (market-) liberals seek to prevent it.

Healing the wounds of the Euro Crisis

In the first camp the Social Democratic Party (SPD), The Greens and the far left-wing Die Linke have – independently from each other - developed a common understanding of what would be needed for a European social dimension. All three parties portray an EU divided by misguided politics too narrowly focusing on austerity and market-enhancing measures. Nationalism and authoritarianism shall be combated by a pro-European policy approach to strengthen European solidarity. The Greens speak of the need of a “paradigm shift” towards a “social-ecological modernising project”, Die Linke wants a “fundamental social and democratic alternative to this neoliberal EU” and the SPD calls for “renewing the European welfare promise”. All three parties seek to overcome the – in their view – failed austerity approach in the monetary union.

More specifically, a European investment programme and social policies shall be developed to prevent social dumping. This latter would consist of minimum wage standards, a basic income provision and co-determination standards for employees. In a social progress protocol added to the treaties, the predominance of market freedoms shall be contested, putting social rights on the same footing. The Greens want to implement a European unemployment insurance while the SPD sees the need for a common EMU fiscal capacity. Both parties want to strengthen the coordination of economic policies in EMU, prevent tax avoidance and work on a common consolidated corporate tax base with minimum standards. The strongest demands for a social turn can be found in the manifesto of Die Linke. They want to drastically increase European funds, prioritise debt restructuring, and introduce Eurobonds.

Solidarity only by conditionality

The three notions of a future Europe differ in detail, but similarities are striking. They outline a different approach to the EU, which would try to heal the wounds of the Euro Crisis by taking first steps towards a true European Social Model. This perspective is not at all shared by the parties one can assign to a second camp. The conservative Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and her Bavarian sister party, the Christian Social Union (CSU), both governing the country since 2005, keep a low profile in regard to Social Europe. The CDU wants to help fight youth unemployment, but only on the condition that states in crisis meet the criteria of the Stability and Growth Pact. Even after a seven-year long period of painful austerity policies, Merkel’s party insists on fiscal rules instead of fostering European solidarity. This position is underlined by the clear refusal of any form of debt harmonisation. The CDU is, however, open to the idea of a European Monetary Fund and harmonisation of corporate tax law with France. The CSU more explicitly condemns any form of financial transfers such as a European unemployment insurance or Eurobonds.

While CDU/CSU want to keep “muddling through” reforms, the liberal Free Democratic Party (FDP) is clearer in rejecting a European social dimension. Each member state shall control its own labour market and social policy without common rules. The European Pillar of Social Rights proposed by the Commission is rated not constructive, and neither is the idea of a European unemployment insurance. Seeing the market as the best tool to correct imbalances in the Eurozone, the Liberals want to abolish the ESM, are against any interference of the ECB and want to strengthen sanctioning on deficit criteria by enabling an insolvency procedure for member states. Their plans for EMU reform include reinstating the no-bailout rule, preventing a common deposit guarantee for the Banking Union and altering the treaties so states can leave the Eurozone without leaving the Union.

“CDU/CSU want to keep “muddling through” reforms [and] a conservative-liberal Government would […] continue the solidarity-against-conditionality approach”

Most extreme are the arguments of right-wing populist party Alternative for Germany (AfD), who looks to enter the Bundestag for the first time. They want Germany to leave the Eurozone and therefore reject all forms of EMU reform, especially regarding common liabilities, financial transfers or economic governance. The AfD claims that getting rid of the common currency is the best way to tackle unemployment in the Southern countries.

This latter camp is very reluctant towards social and economic EU reforms (CDU/CSU), wants to roll back parts of the crisis management tools in favour of a more market-driven approach (FDP) or cut off the whole integration process (AfD). The overall message is that a ‘social’ EMU reform needs to be prevented. This position clearly stands against the demand of SPD, Greens and Die Linke to integrate on a more socially-balanced path.

So, what can we expect after the elections? A progressive government would possibly walk this new path, cherished by many (crisis-stricken) European partners and particularly France. A conservative-liberal Government would instead continue the solidarity-against-conditionality approach with a stronger turn to the markets. Parties may agree to continue tackling youth unemployment and to work on a European Monetary Fund, an idea Emmanuel Macron is pushing for. However, the SPD and Greens surely have a very different understanding of such a new institution than the CDU/CSU. Any coalition between the two camps would have to seriously consider the trade-offs and benefits of a European social dimension for Germany. In 2013, the SPD – with quite similar plans in their election manifesto like in their current one – decided in favour of a coalition with CDU/CSU and against any new policies for the European project.

-------------

Björn Hacker is Professor of European Economic Policy at University of Applied Sciences HTW Berlin.

485 Reacties

Load comments

ben SNEY dan
di, 11/24/2020 - 05:22

Permalink

BUY QUALITY PASSPORTS FOR TRAVEL AND DRIVERS LICENSE/GMAT/IELTS/SSN/DIPLOMAS/UTILITY BILLS/VISAS/GREEN CARD/RESIDENTS PERMIT” With Fast Shipping At https://fasteasydocs.com/ WhatsApp … + 1 (321) 999 1792
Buy Driver’s License Online/Buy Real And Fake Documents online/Buy USA driver’s license/DRIVING LICENSE/Apply For Real And Fake Passport/Buy Fake Driver’s License for sale/FAKE DOCUMENTS ONLINE/Buy SSN for sale/APPLY FOR REAL AND FAKE DOCUMENTS ONLINE /PASSPORTS/I,D CARDS/DRIVERS LICENSE/Buy German Passport/UK Passport/USA Passport Swedish Passport/Chinese Passport/Japanese Passport/Holland Passport/Buy Passports online,, Buy fake documents online, Where can i buy fake passport, Buy real fake passports, Buy real and fake passport online, Fake passport online maker, Genuine passports for sale, Purchase passport online, Buy UK driving license online. I.Ds/ 100% undetectable counterfeit money at https://fasteasydocs.com/ fasteasydocs@gmail.com/

[u] Welcome to Fast Easy Docs Online[/u]

CONTACT US

www.fasteasydocs.com/ WhatsApp ……… + 1 (321) 999 1792/ Email …………… fasteasydocs@gmail.com

https://fasteasydocs.com/contact-us/ https://fasteasydocs.com/driving-license-i-d-card-form/

We produce genuine registered documents which are legally used and we also produce Fake or Novelty documents which are just use for camouflage and can not be use legally, these types of document (Fake Documents) are not important so we produce on high demand and order, We also work with agents from top embassies within the world who have all our clients information processed from within and have everything authenticated in the supposed database system. So everything we do regarding the production of a Genuine Passport, Drivers License, SSN, ID Cards, Birth Certificate, Visa, PR, Diplomas and many other documents are genuine and all the real documents that can be legally used.
[u]
ABOUT REGISTERED DOCUMENTS[/u]
1) Real documents are registered in the national database and contain all the applicant’s vital information.
2) Genuine documents comply with all the legal requirements imposed by authorities. They can be used for border crossings and other cases involving scanning procedures.
4) With real ID cards or driver’s licenses, you can apply for renewal when needed.
5) Genuine documents will cost more because they need to be registered according to the official requirements.
6) With all registration issues in mind, production of real documents takes longer.

[u]
ABOUT FAKE DOCUMENTS[/u]
1) Fake documents are not registered in any system. They are issued to a person for camouflage purposes only.
2) Although they do look like government-issued ones, false documents shall not be scanned by
data-reading machines as your personal information is not going to show up.
3) You cannot apply for renewal if your ID card or driver’s license hasn’t been registered previously.
4) As no paperwork is required for producing fake documents, they are priced much lower.
5) In most cases, your false document will be ready in a matter of days

https://fasteasydocs.com
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-documents-online
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-german-passport-online
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-danish-passport
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-british-passport-online
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-us-passport-online
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-swedish-passport-online
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-japanese-passport-online
https://fasteasydocs.com/fake-documents-online
www.fasteasydocs.com

Buy Fake Documents Online | Easy Documents Online, buy-fake-documents...Buy fake documents online, with us, we guarantee with best quality and client satisfaction, we sell from passports online. Buy Fake Documents Online – Counterfeit Documents |Buy fake documents online, Real passport for sale, Buy real ID ...Buy Uk passport, Fake Uk driving license, False Canadian passport, Buy US fake ID card online, Buy novelty USA documents, Fake French passport online, Buy Real & Fake Documents – Buy Fake Documents Online …We Are Producers And Quality Sellers Of Real And Fake Documents. We Process And Produce Documents That You Can Use To Travel And Work In Any Part World

‎Buy Legit Passports Online

Buy Real And Fake Documents Online, Buy Real and Fake … Buy Real And Fake Documents Online, Contact Us For Counterfeit Money Buy Real and Fake Documents Online Buy Real and Fake Documents Online, IELTS, RESIDENT PERMIT ,ID CARD, DRIVERS LICENSE, VISA, BIRTH CERTIFICATES, Diplomas SSN, SIN, Buy Real & Fake Passports online, Legit Documents Online |Buy Real& Fake Legit Documents online at Legit Global Docs. We deal in Passport, Driving License, ID Cards and Other Immigrants Documents at affordable princes Buy Genuine Documents | Real and Fake Identity Documents …Buy Real Documents Online | Buy Fake Documents Quality Services Of Buy Real And Fake Documents Online. We Process And Produce Real & Fake Documents Online That You Can Use To Travel And …
Best buy fake documents online, buy fake documents online “Passport online, Fake Passports Online. buy fake documents online buy documents online, buy fake passport online, fake documents online free, buy passport online, buy real fake documents review, valid documents online, buy new identity documents, buy real and fake passport online, buy real documents online, buy real and fake passport online, fake documents online, buy real fake documents ,fake documents for sale, buy fake passport online, buy passport online, buy fake currency online
APPLY FOR REAL AND FAKE DOCUMENTS ONLINE https://fasteasydocs.com/
APPLY FOR REAL AND FAKE DOCUMENTS ONLINE https://fasteasydocs.com/services-2/
APPLY FOR REGISTERED DOCUMENTS ONLINE https://fasteasydocs.com/other-documents/
APPLY FOR REAL DRIVERS LICENSE ONLINE https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-real-drivers-license-online
APPLY FOR REAL ID CARDS ONLINE https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-real-id-card-for-sale
APPLY FOR US DRIVER’S LICENSE https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-usa-drivers-license
APPLY FOR REAL AND FAKE DRIVER’S LICENSE https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-australian-drivers-license-and-i-d-cardaus…
APPLY FOR SSN ONLINE https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-ssn-for-sale
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-documents-online
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-german-passport-online
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-danish-passport
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-british-passport-online
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-us-passport-online
https://onlinefastdocs.com/
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-swedish-passport-online
https://fasteasydocs.com/buy-japanese-passport-online
https://fasteasydocs.com/fake-documents-online
www.fasteasydocs.com

WhatsApp ……… + 1 (321) 999 1792

Email …………… fasteasydocs@gmail.com

General Support: supportonline@fasteasydocs.com

www.fasteasydocs.com
CONTACT US
https://fasteasydocs.com/contact-us
APPLY FOR REAL AND FAKE DOCUMENTS ONLINE https://fasteasydocs.com/

Buy Passports online, Buy Real And Fake Documents Online, Buy fake documents online, where can I buy fake passport, buy real fake passports, buy real and fake passport online, fake passport online maker, genuine passports for sale, purchase passport online, buy UK driving license online, buy real driving license UK, buy EU driving license without test, quickest way to get driving license, fake Bulgarian driving license, buy real driver’s license, buy fake English driving license, fake UK driving license, buy genuine driving license, buy driving license dvla, fake drivers license online, fake driving license, fake driver’s license, quickest and easiest way to get bike license, fastest way to get a full uk driving license, buy fake id online, scan able fake id, fake id maker online, birth certificate online, apply for birth certificate online, I’ve lost my birth certificate, birth certificate prices, full birth certificate UK, how do i get a copy of my birth certificate UK, instant bachelor’s degree, buy degree from any university, buy a degree UK, verifiable degree, fake degree from real university, fake college diploma maker, buy a degree from a real university, fake diploma high school, fake diplomas that look real, fake certificates online, fake certificate maker, best fake money, where can i buy counterfeit money, buy fake notes online, buy undetectable counterfeit money, buy counterfeit money, high quality counterfeit money for sale, buy fake money that looks real. Buy Real And Fake Documents Online]Buy Real And Fake Driver’s License Online]Buy Real And Fake Passports Online]Buy Driver’s License Online]Buy 100% Fake Bank Notes]Buy AUSTRALIAN DRIVER’S LICENSE AND I.D CARD]Buy British passport online ]Buy real ID card online]Buy Fake Driver’s License]Buy German Passport online] Buy SSN]Buy US Passport online]Buy ID Card Online]Buy Fake Documents Online] Buy registered documents online]Buy real documents online]Buy registered passports online]Buy Fake Counterfeit Money Online

Reactie toevoegen

Your name: Anoniem

Beperkte HTML

  • Toegelaten HTML-tags: <a href hreflang> <em> <strong> <cite> <blockquote cite> <code> <ul type> <ol start type> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <h2 id> <h3 id> <h4 id> <h5 id> <h6 id>
  • Regels en alinea's worden automatisch gesplitst.
  • Web- en e-mailadressen worden automatisch naar links omgezet.

Platte tekst

  • Geen HTML toegestaan.
  • Regels en alinea's worden automatisch gesplitst.
  • Web- en e-mailadressen worden automatisch naar links omgezet.