EU Forum

Social Europe

Social Europe at a crossroads

21 Sep 2016 - 13:41
Bron: Statsministerens kontor/flickr

By promising a ‘social triple A’ the Juncker Commission has put social Europe high on the agenda. Its commitment formulated in this way should be considered as a reaction to growing criticism – and indeed resentment – in large parts of the population about the handling of the euro crisis. Promoting a more social Europe has become popular in many political circles. But what does that mean in practice? Is there a European agenda shared by all member states? Do they have the same concept of what it should be? Are they really prepared to hand over more competences to Brussels or come to a consensus among themselves? These questions were put to experts from many parts of the European Union. Their contributions formed the basis for this briefing paper, which will also be discussed during the event The Social Europe the Member States do not want? in Brussels on 11 October 2016.

In the past the European integration project could count on (relative) popular support and strong political legitimacy as it showed results benefitting the national welfare states that Europeans pride themselves on. There was and is a positive history of promoting social cohesion with generous EU funding. European free-market integration became – and was sold as – the means to build and pay for growing prosperity. Social policies were secondary to that and the member states kept control of their own social security systems. The basic idea was that through economic integration the EC countries would converge, which would also pay for more social cohesion within them. Despite past successes, this optimum was, however, never reached. On the contrary, since mid-2000 increased
inequality and economic imbalances have threatened the European project. It is no longer seen as the protector of the national welfare state against the globalisation of the economy. Growth has not been the overall solution.

Although unemployment figures in the EU have generally declined since 2013 and economic growth has picked up modestly, youth unemployment remains high, social exclusion is still widespread and income gaps between and within member states are widening. Many member states have not been able to build or sustain sufficient social protection. Other developments with regard to pension schemes, the Brexit and other factors are of influence as well.

Where does this lead us? It is obvious that the reactions are different in Portugal or the UK: in Lisbon they want more support from the EU; in Britain they wanted to protect themselves against certain parts of EU legislation. Some say that with Britain gone it will be easier to move forward with social Europe. That is to underestimate the divergent approaches to the issue and ignores the basic fact that the EU had only limited (and shared) competences. Some also complain that social Europe lacks visibility and that it is not sufficiently underpinned by concrete positive examples.

862 Reacties

Load comments

ALina Olive
di, 09/18/2018 - 08:00


This contends a whole industry has risen to oversee them but then scholastic writing has fallen behind in its examination. There is a political economy of landmines, with a structure, showcase and contending interests, whose governmental issues are communicated comprehensively and locally.

Olahraga dan reality show adalah dua genre televisi yang harus ditonton secara langsung. Anda tidak ingin menjadi orang yang melewatkan gol kemenangan tim Anda atau momen intens apa pun sepanjang pertandingan.
Di masa lalu, Anda harus memiliki penyedia TV kabel untuk menonton semua pertandingan besar, tetapi kami hidup di era streaming dan Anda dapat memotong kabelnya dan tetap menangkap semua konten terbaik. Anda dapat melakukan streamingfilm dan kartun tanpa kabel, dan siaran langsung olahraga tidak berbeda. , . , , ,
Layanan streaming memberi Anda semua liputan olahraga yang Anda inginkan sesuai persyaratan Anda . Namun, ada begitu banyak pilihan sehingga mungkin agak sulit untuk memutuskan mana yang paling cocok untuk Anda. Saat menentukan pilihan, ingatlah olahraga mana yang paling penting bagi Anda. Jika Anda adalah penggemar berat sepak bola dan tidak terlalu memperhatikan olahraga atletik lainnya,NFL Game Passmungkin layanan yang Anda butuhkan. Atau mungkin Anda hanya penggemar ESPN dan menginginkan akses keESPN +.

Print media is expensive and a majority of small-medium companies can hardly afford them. This is why SMS Marketing is a smarter and more measurable option with ROI and audience segmentation. It has been so effective that many companies have made it their primary channel of marketing.

ankit saini
ma, 10/01/2018 - 09:59


This leads you how it will be install properly any kind of external device because it is not possible with out any directory file it will work properly. Here here options are already given which match with the device. This is very wonderful.

Reactie toevoegen

Your name: Anoniem

Beperkte HTML

  • Toegelaten HTML-tags: <a href hreflang> <em> <strong> <cite> <blockquote cite> <code> <ul type> <ol start type> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <h2 id> <h3 id> <h4 id> <h5 id> <h6 id>
  • Regels en alinea's worden automatisch gesplitst.
  • Web- en e-mailadressen worden automatisch naar links omgezet.

Platte tekst

  • Geen HTML toegestaan.
  • Regels en alinea's worden automatisch gesplitst.
  • Web- en e-mailadressen worden automatisch naar links omgezet.