Expertise: Security sector governance; Financial management of the security sector; Post-conflict recovery and financing.
Nicole Ball is Senior Visiting Fellow at the Clingendael Institute. She is also a Senior Fellow at the Center for International Policy in Washington, DC. Since 1978, Nicole has conducted research on a broad range of issues relating to security and development. Recent projects include a review of the UN Peacebuilding Fund for five of the PBF's major donors; an analysis of public finance management in security sector in Afghanistan as part of the World Bank's 2009 public expenditure review; support to the design of DFID's Security Sector Accountability and Police Reform Programme in DRC; and a baseline study of the security sector in Burundi for the Governments of Burundi and The Netherlands.
Prior to joining the Center for International Policy, Nicole held positions at the Center for International Development and Conflict Management, University of Maryland, the Overseas Development Council and the National Security Archive in Washington, DC, the Swedish Institute for International Affairs in Stockholm, and the University of Sussex in the UK.
She studied International Relations at the University of Pennsylvania (US), and graduated with a Master’s degree International Relations from the University of Sussex (UK) in 1971.