Shannon Ayre

Academy Programme Fellow


  • Cyber Security
  • Diplomatic practice
  • International security

Shannon Ayre joined the Clingendael Institute in February 2020. As an Academy Programme Fellow, she develops and coordinates various courses in International Security, Cyber Security, Cyber Diplomacy and general diplomatic training courses for foreign and Dutch Diplomats and other international relations professionals. In her capacity as trainer, she provides training in the field of cyber on the international threat landscape, cyber operations, attribution and state-level responses to cyber-attacks. 

Shannon holds a BA in International Relations and International Organisations from the University of Groningen and a MSc in Crisis and Security Management from Leiden University. At Leiden University, she conducted research on the complex decision-making process of cyber attribution and states' motivations to publicly and politically attribute cyber-attacks and the various trade-offs in such a process. This research was used to develop a Clingendael Academy cyber crisis simulation of in which participants have to formulate an adequate diplomatic response to a large-scale malicious cyber operation.