EU Forum

Security

2017: A turning point for European defence?

17 Jul 2017 - 15:01
Source: European Naval Force/flickr

In this article author Dick Zandee presents an analysis on the future of the EU and how it is making a 'quantum leap' in security and defence cooperation. The full text of this publication can be read here.

Half way through 2017 optimism about the European Union’s future has replaced the doom and gloom that dominated on New Year’s Eve. The elections in the Netherlands and in France have shown that populist parties continue to attract many voters, but neither in The Hague nor in Paris have their leaders entered the government offices. In Germany, Chancellor Angela Merkel is most likely to remain in power after the national elections in September, with or without the Social Democrats.

With pro-European political leaders in power in both Berlin and Paris the question is not if they will push the EU forward but rather how and in which direction. The second half of 2017 will be decisive for President Macron and Bundeskanzler Merkel to steer Europe’s course on many current issues, ranging from a further reform of the Eurozone to immigration and countering terrorism. The ‘to do’ list now also includes defence. European leaders have concluded that the geostrategic summer holiday is over. Europe has to become serious about arranging its own security and defence. During his second visit to Europe – to Poland and the G-20 Summit in Hamburg in early July – President Trump made an attempt to polish away the cracks over the American NATO commitment. However, the American political leader remains unpredictable. Certainly, Washington will continue to push Europe to increase its defence expenditure and to build up more military power.

It seems that many elements now come together to conclude that Europe is at the cross-roads in making a quantum leap in security and defence cooperation: continued instability and conflict in the Eastern and Southern neighbourhood; a stronger American call for true transatlantic burden-sharing; renewed impetus from Mercron (Merkel-Macron), the Franco-German motor bloc of European cooperation; the June European Council decision to launch permanent structured cooperation (Pesco) in the second half of 2017; and, last but not least, the appearance on stage of the European Commission as an active player in promoting and financing collaborative defence research and capability development through the European Defence Fund. The key questions are: what will Mercron look like in terms of security and defence; can Pesco be the framework for a game changer; can we expect a real European Defence Union or is more union in European countries’ defence efforts the more likely result? In short, will 2017 be a real turning point or just another year of slow progress?

This article is published with the support of the Adessium Foundation

11399 Comments

Load comments

Bangalore Escorts
Fri, 03/05/2021 - 10:26

Permalink

Thanks For This Useful And Genuine Post, I Know That You Also Provide VIP Escorts Service In Bangalore Like Me; This Is Anu Saxena From Bangalore Escorts Services, I Am The Glorious Part Of Bangalore College Girls Escorts, Here Me And My Escorts Friends Work For Your Pleasure Come To Us.
Visit My website: http://www.anusaxena.com
Visit My Twitter: https://twitter.com/anusaxenamodel
Visit My Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/anusaxenaescort
Visit My Pinterest: https://in.pinterest.com/anusaxenaescort
Visit My Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/in/anu-saxena-5329471b9
https://anusaxena.hatenablog.com/
https://anusaxenaescort.tumblr.com/
https://kiranbajajmodel.blogspot.com/
https://www.kiranbajaj.com/
https://anusaxena.escortbook.com/
http://anusaxena.freeescortsite.com/
https://sites.google.com/view/vipbangaloreescort/
https://anusaxenabangaloreescort.weebly.com/
https://anubangaloreescorts.wordpress.com/
<a href="http://www.anusaxena.com/">Bangalore Escorts</a>

Обустройство скважин на воду в Минске и Минской области Сама по себе пробуренная скважина не может обеспечить доступ питьевой воды в дом. Чтобы обеспечить бесперебойное давление качественной воды, стоит заняться обустройством скважины. Обустройство скважины на воду предполагает два этапа – разработка и постройка колодца возле скважины и оборудование насосной системы. Узнаем, в чем заключается особенность того или иного этапа.Постройка колодца около скважины
После того как на участке появилась скважина, стоит продумать следующие этапы строительства. Первый вопрос, который зададут вам при заказе услуги бурение и обустройство скважин в Минске и области – планируете ли вы пользоваться скважиной зимой. Если ответ утвердительный — обойтись без постройки прискважинного колодца не удастся, причем желательно его сделать на глубине не менее 1,5 метра.Выбор материалов для колодца
В зависимости от глубины залегания грунтовых вод, будет зависеть выбор материалов, а также форма будущего колодца.Если есть угроза подтопления, рекомендуется сделать колодец из стали, предусмотрев антикоррозионное покрытие. В случае если подземные воды не являются угрозой для подтопления, можно сэкономить на цене обустройства скважины, выполнив ее из кирпича, железобетона или использовать герметичный колодец из пластика.При заказе услуги обустройство скважины под ключ, подрядчики чаще всего предлагают обустройство прискважинного колодца таких размеров:Кирпич: 1,2м на 1,8м на1,2м- это чистовой размер.Железобетонные кольца, обычно используют два кольца высотой в 90 см, диаметр каждого 1 метр.
Вторая часть обустройства скважины – монтаж насосной системы Установка насосного оборудования требует грамотного подхода. На этом этапе важно знать ответ на вопрос, какой тип насоса потребуется для вашей водозаборной системы. Если уровень воды в индивидуальной скважине в состоянии покоя находится на отметке в 8 метров и более, есть смысл поставить погружной насос. Он сможет обеспечить максимальное давление в системе, может быть укомплектован дистанционным управлением. Стоит сказать, что погружной глубинный центробежный антипесковый насос устанавливают чаще всего. Это обусловлено тем, что он обеспечивает стабильную подачу воды, работает на большой глубине, обеспечивает длительный срок эксплуатации.Поверхностный насос целесообразно использовать на меньших глубинах, не обращая внимания на возможную глубину работы, указанную производителем. При неудовлетворительной работе насоса, вам могут предложить сделать прискважинный колодец глубже, это уменьшит разницу между зеркалом воды и глубиной залегания насоса.Кроме отличий по технической части, насосы отличаются встроенными защитными функциями, например, от холостого хода или от перепадов напряжения. Специалисты компании «БурАвтоГрупп» помогут подобрать насос, который идеально подойдет для обустройства вашей скважины.

https://engage.tmforum.org/network/members/profile?UserKey=925e23fc-b20…
https://www.peugeot108forum.co.uk/members/priya-sharma.8726/#about
https://www.triumph675.net/members/priya-sharma.115061/#about
https://www.snowmobilefanatics.com/members/priya-sharma.77843/#about
https://www.cayenneforums.com/members/priya.37155/#about
https://engage.tmforum.org/network/members/profile?UserKey=d2649f5a-b29…
https://www.peugeot108forum.co.uk/members/ruhii.8727/#about
https://www.triumph675.net/members/ruhii-sharma.115063/#about
https://www.snowmobilefanatics.com/members/ruhii-sharma.77844/#about
https://www.cayenneforums.com/members/ruhii.37156/#about
https://engage.tmforum.org/network/members/profile?UserKey=8b1afe7e-11d…
https://www.peugeot108forum.co.uk/members/minnie.8728/#about
https://www.minnie88.com/delhi-escorts-gallery.html
https://www.snowmobilefanatics.com/members/jenny-romans.77845/#about
https://www.cayenneforums.com/members/jenny.37157/#about
https://engage.tmforum.org/network/members/profile?UserKey=6883bdc3-e8f…
https://www.peugeot108forum.co.uk/members/glamadults.8729/#about
https://www.triumph675.net/members/lisa-roy.115065/#about
https://www.snowmobilefanatics.com/members/darpana.77846/#about
https://www.cayenneforums.com/members/lisa.37159/
https://www.cayenneforums.com/members/lisa.37159/
https://engage.tmforum.org/network/members/profile?UserKey=4d20d647-034…
https://www.peugeot108forum.co.uk/members/streetgirl69.8730/#about
https://www.triumph675.net/members/darpana.115066/#about
https://www.snowmobilefanatics.com/members/jenny.77847/#about
https://www.cayenneforums.com/members/darpana.37158/#about

Tisha Escort
Fri, 03/05/2021 - 14:24

Permalink

http://www.tishaescort.com/connaught-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/south-ex-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/saket-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/karol-bagh-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/vasant-kunj-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/Greater-Kailash.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/dwaraka-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/janakpuri-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/ghaziabad-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/faridabad-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/noida-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/dwarka-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/aerocity-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/vaishali-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/uttam-nagar-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/lajpat-nagar-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/chanakyapuri-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/rohini-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/paharganj-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/malviya-nagar-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/hauz-khas-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/connaught-place-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/nehru-place-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/laxmi-nagar-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/mumbai-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/housewife-delhi-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/dehradun-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/haridwar-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/goa-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/call-girls-in-royal-plaza.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/vivanta-hotel.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/sheraton-new-hotel.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/independent-delhi-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/call-girls-delhi.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/college-call-girls-delhi.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/russian-delhi-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/female-delhi-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/ashoka-hotel-chanakyapuri.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/escort-service-in-leela-palace-delhi.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/escorts-radisson-blu-delhi.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/escorts-in-lalit-hotel-delhi.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/hotel-leela-palace-delhi-escorts.html
http://www.tishaescort.com/escorts-shangri-la-delhi.html

getenlargement
Sat, 03/06/2021 - 12:21

Permalink

JosephAdelt
Sat, 03/06/2021 - 21:37

Permalink

Hi,

<b>Plagiarism-free Papers ==</b> >>><b><a href=http://bit.ly/3swFd96>Join Free for a Month !!! </a></b> <<<

<a href=http://bit.ly/3swFd96><img src="https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-QzEr-Jp7orM/YDtb4iNTpiI/AAAAAAAAAJI/qK-4PZ4w…; </a>

Share Flipboard Email Print Most essays take a repetitive form sometimes known as the hamburger essay .
how to write essay about http://bit.ly/3sq5wxA write essay on republic day.
В Early empirical studies that examine acts in which the mission of the mentality, essay custom fast and vice president rutskoy led the way the documents state, when mehserle shot the unarmed grant while the nineteenth century biology by the total output.
write my college application essay http://bit.ly/3dKe91U how i write essay examples.
That is not the best decision because there is a high chance of getting a low grade.
write essay in a day http://bit.ly/3r2c4lJ write essay to win house.
Write my essay now, but will I be able to get my money back if the paper is bad? Yes.
how to write humorous essays <a href=https://bit.ly/3q1i38W>help write my essay free</a> how to write general essay.
is it comprehensive? Have you critically analysed the information that you found in your research.
how to write essay prompts <a href=http://bit.ly/3b9QK8u>write me an essay cheap</a> how to write masters essays.
We can provide a free sample of college assignments, and we post tips in our blog on how to handle common student issues.
write about your holiday essay <a href=http://bit.ly/3r3gR6l>write essay on summer vacation</a> write an essay my hobby.
Man and the of types each custom writing toronto Well in class Professor. <a href=https://forums.sherdog.com/proxy.php?link=https://goodessay78.blogspot… good essay</a> how to write duke essays.

https://www.ebay-kleinanzeigen.de/externer-link-weiterleitung.html?to=h…
<a href=https://www.douban.com/link2/?url=https://easyeyehalloweenmakeup.blogsp…;

https://howtowritethesisstatement.blogspot.com/2020/12/3-ways-to-write-…
https://howtowriteanintroductionforanessay.blogspot.com/2019/09/importa…
https://writingqualitativeessay.blogspot.com/2021/01/writing-thesis-sta…
https://comparingandcontrastingessay.blogspot.com/2019/08/essay-tips-7-…

<a href=https://howtowritethesisstatement.blogspot.com/2020/12/45-cause-and-eff…;
<a href=https://howtowriteanintroductionforanessay.blogspot.com/2019/09/i-need-…;
<a href=https://writingqualitativeessay.blogspot.com/2021/01/wrote-essay-concer…;
<a href=https://comparingandcontrastingessay.blogspot.com/2019/08/essay-tips-ho…;

https://algebrahomeworkhelp99.blogspot.com/2021/03/college-algebra-onli…
<a href=https://algebrahomeworkhelp99.blogspot.com/2021/03/do-my-algebra-homewo…;

http://www.allowcopy.com/open/?url=https://essaywritingservices90.blogs…
<a href=http://www.americantourister.com/disneyside/bumper.php?r=https://essayw…;

Add new comment

Your name: Anonymous

Restricted HTML

  • Allowed HTML tags: <a href hreflang> <em> <strong> <cite> <blockquote cite> <code> <ul type> <ol start type> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <h2 id> <h3 id> <h4 id> <h5 id> <h6 id>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically.

Plain text

  • No HTML tags allowed.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically.