This report describes how three Western countries, Australia, Canada and Norway, deal with the challenges of defence transformation in light of the changes currently taking place in warfare and in the global world order. The report uses an analytical framework consisting of the following elements: the strategic context and resulting defence policies, the transformation taking place along the lines of the three traditional domains of military operations (e.g. land, sea, air), as well as in the so-called “new” military realms of space and cyberspace. The three cases were chosen because of their relative comparability with the Netherlands and with the Dutch armed forces in particular.
"...in all the three cases, the national security context is shaped by the changing character of war, a renewed great power competition, challenges to the rules-based global order, state fragility in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia, and technological advances."