It's midnight, let's talk about this important topic: Europe

06 Apr 2017 - 14:50
Source: Flickr

Europe is always the subject of a paradox in French presidential elections: candidates always want to change the European Union and say that it is fundamental, but they never really talk about it. This election is no different. However, it brings its lot of novelties. First of all it should be pointed out that it is the first time that none of the candidates want to prolong the work done by the incumbent President. Second, the European Union is in such a fragile situation with the rising disenchantment vis-à-vis Europe, Brexit, the difficult relations with Russia and the election of Donald Trump as president of the United States, that all candidates acknowledge this is a pivotal moment for the EU. Lastly, this election comes at a time of a slow way out of the economic crisis. These elements are essential to understand the context in which the candidates’ positions on Europe have been shaped.

Revamping the EU…..
All candidates, except Marine Le Pen, see an opportunity to revamp the European Union. And they all sense that France has a central role to play in this. As former Prime Minister Jean-Pierre Raffarin recently wrote, “On Europe, there are not three positions, as we can sometimes read in the media: in favour of Europe, in favour of a different Europe, and against Europe. Those who are in favour of Europe today want a different Europe. No one is in favour of the current Europe.” In other words, candidates have been trying to come up with plans to reform the EU in their programme, perhaps more than in the past. It means that the differences are starker. It also stems from the fact that François Fillon for the conservative Les Républicains and Benoît Hamon for the Socialist Party were underdogs in their respective party’s primaries. In that sense, they do not necessarily reflect mainstream views on Europe.

The EU as a straightjacket for France
The other clear point of convergence of all the candidates, except Emmanuel Macron, is that they all want a reform or the withdrawal of the ‘posted workers’ directive. The rest varies quite clearly from one candidate to the other. It is important to point out that two major candidates do not rule out a French exit from the EU, i.e. Marine Le Pen and Jean-Luc Mélenchon. Both disapprove of the road taken by the Union and want to reshape France’s relations with it. At the core of their positions lies the issue of sovereignty. They feel that the EU is a straightjacket, which curbs France’s capacity to thrive. Marine Le Pen would strive to renegotiate France’s relations with the EU, whereas Jean-Luc Mélenchon would initiate a profound treaty revision, which would go from terminating the European Central Bank’s independence to the authorisation of state aid. Both would put the outcome of the negotiations to an in-or-out referendum.

Creation of new institutions
The three other main candidates too want change in the EU, but for them a French withdrawal is off the table. In the tradition of the French approach to the EU, reform involves the creation of new institutions. Benoît Hamon’s first priority is to establish “a treaty for the democratisation of the Eurozone governance” with a chamber composed of national and European members of Parliament at its core. Although no mention is made of the role of the Council or the Commission, Hamon had strong words against it in public appearances. In the tradition of intergovernmentalism, François Fillon advocates the creation of a Eurozone political directorate composed of heads of state and government, which would meet every three months. It seems akin to the already existing Euro Area Summit. Additionally, he supports the creation of a general secretariat for the Eurozone, which would be autonomous from the Commission. François Fillon is explicit in his desire to see the Commission’s competences reduced to some ‘fundamental fields’, although he does not identify which ones. Emmanuel Macron is the most Europhile candidate but also the most prudent. He wants to create an Economic and Finance minister for the Eurozone – without specifying whether it would be the Economic and Monetary Commissioner or a new position – who would be in charge of a Eurozone budget – without specifying how it would be funded – under the supervision of a Eurozone Parliament composed of MEPs.

Treaty change
In essence, these three candidates would have to support treaty change at some stage, but none of them says it explicitly. This is abundantly clear for Benoît Hamon, who wants fiscal and social harmonisation as well as the mutualisation of ‘some sovereign debt’. It is plausible that Emmanuel Macron’s plan to launch national conventions across the EU, starting in 2018, would lead to treaty change but this is not spelt out in his programme. He hinted at this in April 2016 when he called for a ‘renewed treaty’ (traité refondateur) within two years.

Each candidate then has his/her specific emphasis. François Fillon makes it his priority number 1 to reform the Schengen agreements. Benoît Hamon wants to create a 1,000 billion euros investment programme for the ecological and economic transition – the environment is one of the cornerstones of his programme. Jean-Luc Mélenchon wants to end the austerity measures by withdrawing from the ‘fiscal compact’. Marine Le Pen supports economic patriotism so that national procurement tenders go to French companies ‘if the price differential is reasonable’.

Other topics are also addressed, which have been high on the agenda in France, such as strengthening European defence and reforming EU’s trade policy – lightly for some, massively for others.

Europe: a second-order issue
Overall, all the candidates acknowledge the EU needs to reform. They approach the issue from different political sensitivities and the differences, despite the lack of details in many programmes, are quite salient. Notwithstanding the importance of the subject and its pervasiveness in numerous other policy fields, it is disappointing to see how little time candidates spend discussing Europe. The various scandals have plagued the campaign and many topics have been shelved but it is also true to say that Europe remains a second-order issue, on which you do not gain many votes.

Vivien Pertusot is an Associate Researcher focusing on European affairs at the French Institute of International Relations (Ifri) in Paris. He can be followed via his Twitter account @VPertusot.


Load comments

Sat, 06/27/2020 - 12:38


<a href=>essay writing service</a>

Academic writing made easy!Get your paper written by a professional academic writer.


<a href=>college paper writing service</a>
<a href=>essay writing service</a>
<a href=>informative essay topics</a>
<a href=>assignment help</a>
<a href=>buy dissertation</a>

Write My Paper -

Looking for an expert to <a href=>write my paper</a> for you? You are at the right place.
Providing superior writing service appears to be our main specialization and passion.
Our website is the best destination for every English-speaking student who calls for assistance when handling his or her daily academic tasks.

<a href=>compare and contrast essay topics</a>
<a href=>college essay help</a>
<a href=>cheap essay writing service</a>
<a href=>edit my essay</a>
<a href=>write my thesis</a>

Jerod Richardson from Lee's Summit was looking for essay on obesity extra fees

Casey Gibson found the answer to a search query essay on obesity extra fees

<a href=><img src=""></a&gt;

Who can <a href=>write my essay</a> cheap? Best essay writing service

essay paper net
free essays over adam bede
essay on obama's speech
good skills to put on a resume for waitress
essay the man who counted
harvard oci cover letter
forensic psychology research proposal ideas
essay my favourite game cricket
essay pets dog
essay on probity in public life
essay compare living city living country
first grade weekly homework sheet
essay writing about video games
health care thesis statement
geologist cover letter format
global copy writing services in florida
get free essay written
freedom of speech free essay
freshman in college resume templates
examples of mini thesis proposals
finance essay topic
essays starting with quotes examples
essay dengue fever pakistan urdu
essay sample student
essays on gender discrimination in india
essay on wolfgang amadeus mozart
free construction cover letter examples
essay on the autonomic nervous system
gallantry essayist
good essay topics for a tale of two cities
get a custom written term paper
essay writing in ielts test
essay role of women in modern india
essays gigablast
gallagher ldpc thesis
essay on the topic self help is the best help
essay on the finnsburh episode
four different styles used in writing a research paper
free essays on the poisonwood bible
free sample apa format thesis
free business plan templates software
essays about health
essay essay in english
free example of a student resume
essay on pros and cons of co-education
federick jackson turner famous essay
extended definition essay ideas
good political science essay topics
free resume builder download program
government essay examples
grants application cover letter
essay natural resources conservation
essay paper title generator
health and safety resume cover letter
free hospitality school business plan
follow up letter for a resume
essay response summary
greg smith resume goldman sachs
forbidden fruit thesis
forum homework help
executive assistant to chairman resume
free resume template illustrator
funcional resume powered by vbulletin
essay about paris in the iliad
example of apa format
essay hopes dreams
free essay on the effects of lead poisoning on children
finance and insurance resume
geography coursework evaluation example
essay writing statement of intent
essay ri maroko
essay outline sample comparison
example resume for paramedics
generic cover letter samples
government help with cv writing
get answers science homework
essay building an argument
executive director resume california
free physical science homework help
essay on energy conservation at home
essay on environmental cleanliness
essays on the theory of plantation economy
free resume writers india

<a href=>write my essay</a>
<a href=>research paper topics</a>
<a href=>paper writing service</a>
<a href=>thesis writing service</a>
<a href=>assignment help</a>

<a href=… writing for resume</a>
<a href=>free sample of business plan for bakery</a>
<a href=>… template resume for teachers</a>
<a href=>f… work at home jobs</a>
<a href=… college application essay</a>
<a href=>great summaries for resume</a>
<a href=>free cover letter human resources position</a>
<a href=… resume samples for mba</a>
<a href=>hamlets first solloquy essay</a>
<a href=… written resume examples</a>

Erick Farrell from Johnson City was looking for professional report editing for hire us

Orion Baker found the answer to a search query professional report editing for hire us

<a href=><img src=""></a&gt;

The web's leading provider of quality and professional academic writing <a href=>essay writing service</a>

professional resume writing for hire us
resume format for administrator
research paper on cyber security pdf
private investigation business plan example
research on the value of homework
property maintenance manager resume
professional assignment ghostwriter websites for college
resume for autistic child care provider
research topics in educational administration and management
reimbursement specialist cover letter
receptionists cover letter
professional thesis proposal proofreading site gb
resume best practices standards
professional personal statement writer service for college
resume community welfare worker
religion causes conflict essay
resume include objective or not
recycling coursework
popular papers ghostwriter for hire for college
resume it management
resume format for teaching position
popular university essay proofreading sites for university
professional school essay editor websites uk
popular school essay ghostwriter site gb
professional best essay writing websites us
reference website essay apa
popular mba blog post advice
realtor business plan
resume it administrator
professional masters definition essay topics
professional masters essay editor for hire uk
research paper mla format outline
resume age
popular phd school essay assistance
quoting websites in essays
professional editor for hire for mba
research papers of the love in taming of the shrew
resume device not found
popular expository essay ghostwriter for hire for college
resume jbi 5 ru
research papers on biodiesel from algae
pottery cafe business plan

<a href=>essay writing service</a>
<a href=>write my research paper</a>
<a href=>edit my essay</a>
<a href=>research paper topics</a>
<a href=>essay help</a>

<a href=… for actors free examples</a>
<a href=>rereading america essays</a>
<a href=>resume bookkeeper</a>
<a href=>quick guide to writing great research papers pdf</a>
<a href=>professional bibliography ghostwriters site au</a>
<a href=>popular scholarship essay ghostwriter sites for college</a>

Sat, 06/27/2020 - 22:04


Dallin Gibson from Columbus was looking for of mice and men conclusion on loneliness for an essay

Eduardo Jordan found the answer to a search query of mice and men conclusion on loneliness for an essay

<a href=><img src=""></a&gt;

Students often search on the Internet for someone to <a href=>write my essay</a> since they want to submit a flawless final paper.

essay writing made easy stephen mc laren
essay about business strategy
nutrition essays for kids
creative writing software for ipad
british literature research paper
because i could not stop for death analysis essay
david essay sedaris
discourse analysis research papers
gcse river coursework
mechanics essay
utopia essay questions
profound essay
research papers works cited
thesis polymer electrolyte
essay on preparation for board exams
explaining relationships thesis
macbeth essay on change of character
essay about teenage fashions
subjects write compare contrast essay
pay to write eaasy
martha graham i am a dancer essay
development of our country essay
chiropractic research paper
the threat of nuclear weapons essay
essay on autobiography of a torn book
romeo and juliet essay title
iessay 2003 phpbb group
persuasive essay for no school uniforms
how is atp resynthesis
essay on winter vacation
science or religion essay
play school papers to print
writing comparison essay format
active noise control thesis
essay prejudice
child labour a crime essay
gnvq business coursework
narrative essay my first car
thesis transcription services
essay of marketing management
essay why do i want to learn english
spm english essay parents
ergonomics research paper
thesis rendezvous barony
it and society essay
cornell ilr essay forum
thesis required masters degree
the essays of virginia woolf volume 4
dissertation and requirements
carbon and nitrogen cycle essay

<a href=>essay writing service</a>
<a href=>dissertation writing help</a>
<a href=>essay writing service</a>
<a href=>paper writing service</a>
<a href=>type my essay</a>

<a href=>simple psychology research papers</a>
<a href=… services engineering dissertation</a>
<a href=>the… controlling impression</a>
<a href=… justice expository essays</a>
<a href=>aids awareness among youth essay writing</a>
<a href=>ap psychology essay on schizophrenia</a>
<a href=>essay writing in middle schools</a>

Marcos Coleman from Denton was looking for boy a photographic essay

Lester Lewis found the answer to a search query boy a photographic essay

<a href=><img src=""></a&gt;

Looking for an expert to <a href=>write my paper</a> for you? You are at the right place!

3 types of ap english essays
business plan nonprofit
50 great essays table of contents
biology carbon cycle essay
best term paper writers website us
a modest proposal thesis statement
argumentative essay on economics
best blog ghostwriter website au
business plan on small scale industry
admissions essay influential person
business essay editor sites
aviation technician resume examples
british resume sample
best letter ghostwriting services uk
acls dissertation completion fellowship
best dissertation methodology writers websites online
best resume ghostwriters websites for masters
admission college essay writing
best dissertation editor service ca
4 page resume
best dissertation editing website us
5 paragraph essay on thomas jefferson
accounting essays pdf
anti autism essay
1994 ap psychology essay rubric
bpo non voice experience resume sample
beowulf short essay questions
best course work writing website for phd
assistant to controller resume
apa guidelines for business plan
best research paper writers for hire for masters
ben bernanke essays on the great depression pdf
belonging to place essay questions
blood doping research paper
ach resume examples
best descriptive essay editing for hire online
business plan competition winner pdf
best speech writing websites for college
add topic homework
business plan ghostwriting websites ca
a good example is the best sermon essay
best home work writers for hire ca
best problem solving editing for hire for college
5 examples of beautiful resume cv templates
assignment ghostwriters sites uk
best definition essay ghostwriter sites for masters
allatson thesis
anthology essay mankind proper study
belonging thesis statements examples
appendix research paper apa
book reports sherlock holmes
awesome resume title
american literature final exam essay
argumentative and persuasive essay
article review of the belmont report
best course work writing site usa
1920s research paper topics
business analyst cover letter templates
argumentative ghostwriting websites us
an essay on mothers love
boer war essay topics
best university essay writing sites
best critical analysis essay ghostwriting website for college
best best essay ghostwriting site uk
best resume writer websites
a cultural experience essay
best article review editing service uk
book report desert dawn
best dissertation conclusion writing sites for mba
business plan for skilled nursing facility
apa citation format example cover page

<a href=>write my essay</a>
<a href=>do my homework</a>
<a href=>research paper topics</a>
<a href=>buy dissertation</a>
<a href=>dissertation writing service</a>
<a href=>paper writing service</a>

<a href=… personal essay ghostwriters for hire for phd</a>
<a href=>a… pope an essay on man analysis</a>
<a href=… plan business consulting services freelance</a>
<a href=>business plan non medical transportation</a>
<a href=… university essay writer website gb</a>
<a href=… critical analysis essay writers website ca</a>
<a href=>advantage and disadvantage of internet free essay</a>
<a href=>article review ghostwriter sites usa</a>
<a href=>… essay proofreading for hire online</a>

Moises Robertson from St. Charles was looking for hand hygiene literature review

Cristobal Marsh found the answer to a search query hand hygiene literature review

<a href=><img src=""></a&gt;

Who can <a href=>write my essay</a> cheap? Best essay writing service

executive cover letter samples director
essay about macbeth ambition
essay quoting play
exelon and business analyst and resume
essays on electronics in school
essayant continuellement
functional resume tips
essay answers great gatsby
essay on non-verbal communication
essay about why protecting our environment is so important
features of short written personal essay
good topics for history thesis papers
essays people impacted your life
formal acknowledgement thesis
essay on scavenger hunts
examples of written thesis
essays ralph waldo emerson
essay my first car
example resume business owner
essay on journey to the center of the earth
essay on how i spent my winter vacation for kids
good thesis title for computer science
essay on hitler and the holocaust
fashion editorial cover letter
gifted child not doing homework
examples of a good topic sentences in an essay
essay structure dmu
example of a good dbq thesis statement
essay on importance of education in simple english
free samples resume download
essay writing no nos
good titles for dissertation
free resume search in usa
evaluate the effectiveness of progressive era reformers essay
essayists humor satire
essay setting
ethics essay ideas
essay contests for high school sophomores
essay on fast food nation
graphic design references resume
essay on energy conservation for better future
essays about bullying prevention
essays on millard fillmore
ethics computing essay

<a href=>write my essay</a>
<a href=>do my homework</a>
<a href=>compare and contrast essay topics</a>
<a href=>cheap essay writing service</a>
<a href=>best essay writing service</a>

<a href=>example of an outli</a>
<a href=… on american antebellum politics</a>
<a href=>essay exemplars</a>
<a href=>et norsk essay</a>
<a href=… on the inflation of 1970</a>
<a href=>essay on broadcast technology</a>
<a href=>essays on ethical issues</a>

Edward Lee from Thousand Oaks was looking for research essay illegal immigration

Jeffery Newton found the answer to a search query research essay illegal immigration

<a href=><img src=""></a&gt;

The web's leading provider of quality and professional academic writing <a href=>essay writing service</a>

resume format for directors profile
professional speech writing sites gb
professional resume template open office
puallup washington resume services
research paper topics for college students ideas
professional cheap essay writer service online
professional school critical essay ideas
popular persuasive essay ghostwriting for hire online
popular literature review ghostwriters for hire for phd
resume cover letter outline
resume chemical engineer production
popular school essay proofreading site for school
professional curriculum vitae ghostwriter site online
popular school argumentative essay topics
resume distance learning
research paper senior theme
professional thesis proposal writing websites for masters
professional resume writing chilliwack
red badge of courage essays heroism
resume firefox
presentation editing services au
qa team lead resume sample
professional cover letter writer services gb
resume j2ee java jim stoll
resume executive assistant profile
psu ae thesis
popular school essay editing sites
professional creative essay ghostwriter services gb
popular home work editor for hire for school
professional expository essay ghostwriting sites for school
resume is depriaates
professional critical thinking writing sites us
reasons to raise minimum wage essays
queen mary thesis
research papers on biodegradable plastics
restaurant general manager resume examples
professional best essay ghostwriting website for school
professional university research proposal help
professional report editing service for mba
professional literature review ghostwriters site usa
professional phd essay writers site online
professional papers proofreading site for university
resume board membership
project let s write a fairy tale unit 5
problems writing business plan
research proposal undergraduate
popular school assignment help
resume examples for economist
resume for reporter job
professional argumentative essay writing site us
resume for medical school sample
professional book review writer service uk
professional nursing student resume
popular presentation editor site for mba
reflective writing sites gb
professional assignment editor services for mba

<a href=>essay writing service</a>
<a href=>thesis writing service</a>
<a href=>write my essay</a>
<a href=>compare and contrast essay topics</a>
<a href=>buy essays online</a>
<a href=>expository essay topics</a>

<a href=>pros and cons about homework banning</a>
<a href=>popular homework ghostwriters websites uk</a>
<a href=… papers on setting expectations for class preparation</a>
<a href=>resume and php</a>
<a href=>… university expository essay topic</a>
<a href=>radiologic technologist resume objective examples</a>
<a href=>professional annotated bibliography editing sites for mba</a>
<a href=… creative essay writer websites for school</a>
<a href=>professional content editor for hire online</a>

Sat, 06/27/2020 - 23:21


Sterling Cooper from Taylor was looking for architectural thesis on sustainability

Rasheed Dawson found the answer to a search query architectural thesis on sustainability

<a href=><img src=""></a&gt;

Students often search on the Internet for someone to <a href=>write my essay</a> since they want to submit a flawless final paper.

cover letter for personal assistant with no experience
aids research paper the best education program pre
business project proposal cover letter
where can i purchase dissertations
creative writing lesson units for high school
expository essay tutorial
practice writing online
good thesis statement for joan of arc
textual analysis essay structure
the sapir whorf thesis
on the want of money analysis essay
research papers on teacher education in india
time management in the work environment adult learning essays
bottled water thesis statement
rehabilitation essay
book report on harry potter
sociology papers format
short essay on manifest destiny
osteo odonto kerato prothesis
science coursework gcse help
dessay the miracle
descriptive essay basketball
essay on my favourite game chess
essays titles underlined
mice and men essay answers
essay on driving safety
undergraduate thesis sections
montaigne essays on cannibals summary
suny college essay format
compare and contrast essay of the crucible
thesis dissertation abstract
war is futile essay
heading for scholarship essays
book report sheets for kindergarten
essay power point presentations
eleanor shands essay contest
cover letter for the post of research associate
english essay questions ernest
critical essays
my trip to paris essay
personal statement for resume
poverty in palestine essay
harvard university essay application
swot analysis rolls royce essays
popular essayist
description of a hurricane essay
msc dissertation marking scheme
essay world without internet
term paper compare memory management unix linux
essay on philosophy
china dissertation fellowship
movie parody essays
proquest dissertations uk
warwick wmg dissertation
laws of life essay winners collier county
valentine carol ann duffy critical essay
nsf essay previous research
creative writing york st john

<a href=>essay writing service</a>
<a href=>correct my essay</a>
<a href=>write my research paper</a>
<a href=>persuasive essay topics</a>
<a href=>informative essay topics</a>
<a href=>compare and contrast essay topics</a>

<a href=… thesis statement</a>
<a href=>argumentative essay on men and women should have equal rights</a>
<a href=>games for teaching essay writing</a>
<a href=>essay on horror dream</a>
<a href=>descartes meditation 2 essay</a>
<a href=>habitus essay</a>
<a href=>mba professional achievement essay</a>
<a href=>attribute of personality mit essay</a>
<a href=>existentia… essay outline</a>

Myron Carter from Pasadena was looking for best cv proofreading websites gb

Jonas Smith found the answer to a search query best cv proofreading websites gb

<a href=><img src=""></a&gt;

Looking for an expert to <a href=>write my paper</a> for you? You are at the right place!

art and globalization essay
analysis writers service au
box book reports
best place to buy resume paper
age de glace 3 resume
alcohol fuelled violence essay
banking resume writing service
business plan for home cleaning services
biographies of famous people
best college book review topic
a resume example
ap biology essay answers 1999
aqa history coursework
best phd essay editing website usa
best mba essay proofreading website online
advocacy essays
best presentation proofreading service uk
business plan for a restaurant and bar
berkeley architecture essay competition
andrew jackson dbq essay
best speech ghostwriting services for college
art and society essay
argumentative essay format mla
best dissertation conclusion ghostwriting website for school
advertising sales resume objective
ap dbq essay questions
apa citing journal article with no author
atomic bomb essay thesis
argumentative essay about facebook
argumentative research paper death penalty
business plan bagel shop
biography writers website usa
amongus essays on identity belonging and intercultural competence
best blog ghostwriters websites uk
best reflective essay ghostwriting services for phd
biology lab write up example
big bang research paper
book report outline for elementary school
best content editor for hire for phd
95 theses essay
breast cancer awareness research paper
an essay on women empowerment in india
block format cover letter
against polygamy thesis
best book review writer websites us
article write
best expository essay editor site gb
best papers writers for hire au
book reports for holes
activity on resume onstart
business plan ghostwriter site uk
audio research paper
best cv editing for hire au
business plan phoenix arizona
annie huntley imdb resume
auto essay grader
best essays writers sites for college
black men and public spaces by brent staples essay
20th century revolutions essay
best college essay writers websites
business plan mobile app
8000 word essay
aqa a level english literature sample essays
anu school of history essay guide
4th grade book report ideas themes
britannicus acte 2 scene 3 resume
best romeo and juliet quotes for essay
assessments discovery education
auto aircon technician resume
best dissertation abstract writers services au
bhrashtachar essay in marathi
biology topics for essays
a clean environment essay
all kolakube skins for wp thesis theme
best essays ghostwriters website online
a hotel business plan
analysing essays writing
analytical essay on dracula
best cover letter ghostwriter websites for college
business plan checklist pdf
business plan networking
alcohol before homework
best reflective essay editing for hire for phd
ancient civilizations editor services
best essays writer sites ca
argumentative questions
blank resume to run off copies
best curriculum vitae editor service gb

<a href=>write my essay</a>
<a href=>descriptive essay topics</a>
<a href=>do my homework</a>
<a href=>paper writing service</a>
<a href=>expository essay topics</a>
<a href=>buy essay</a>

<a href=>best article ghostwriter websites gb</a>
<a href=>automotive purchasing buyer resume</a>
<a href=>age of innocence thesis</a>
<a href=http://xn--37-6kci4dagjgif.xn--p1ai/2020/06/10/%d0%b2%d0%bd%d0%b8%d0%bc… plan pro free software download</a>
<a href=>best cover letter proofreading websites gb</a>

Add new comment

Your name: Anonymous

Restricted HTML

  • Allowed HTML tags: <a href hreflang> <em> <strong> <cite> <blockquote cite> <code> <ul type> <ol start type> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <h2 id> <h3 id> <h4 id> <h5 id> <h6 id>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically.

Plain text

  • No HTML tags allowed.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically.