CRU’s Levant Programme focuses on the impact of hybrid security arrangements in the Levant (with a focus on Iraq and Syria) on the nature and quality of governance during and after conflict, aiming to strengthen stabilisation strategies for the region.
The Levant today features a complex mix of old and new conflicts with potential for further conflagration, with Syria and Iraq currently at the centre of the region’s conflicts. A major aspect of these conflicts is that they have enabled pre-existing hybrid security arrangements – i.e. implicit or explicit agreements between an armed group on the one hand, and a state, other armed groups and/or a civilian population on the other hand, in which the armed group provides a degree of law and order in a particular territory with ancillary effects on governance and economic activity – in the region to solidify and transform, such as Hezbollah in Lebanon/Syria or the PKK in Turkey, while also creating new hybrid security arrangements, such as the Hashd al-Sha’abi in Iraq. This research programme aims to increase the understanding of the drivers and dynamics of such arrangements, as well as their impact on the nature and quality of governance and (future) statebuilding processes during and after conflict.
Conflict and FragilityIraq's competing security forces after the battle for Mosul
28 Aug 2017 - 15:32