Conflict and Fragility

Conflict and Fragility

The Levant

17 Feb 2018 - 04:09
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Commissioned research
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CRU’s Levant Programme focuses on the impact of hybrid security arrangements in the Levant (with a focus on Iraq and Syria) on the nature and quality of governance during and after conflict, aiming to strengthen stabilisation strategies for the region.


The Levant today features a complex mix of old and new conflicts with potential for further conflagration, with Syria and Iraq currently at the centre of the region’s conflicts. A major aspect of these conflicts is that they have enabled pre-existing hybrid security arrangements – i.e. implicit or explicit agreements between an armed group on the one hand, and a state, other armed groups and/or a civilian population on the other hand, in which the armed group provides a degree of law and order in a particular territory with ancillary effects on governance and economic activity – in the region to solidify and transform, such as Hezbollah in Lebanon/Syria or the PKK in Turkey, while also creating new hybrid security arrangements, such as the Hashd al-Sha’abi in Iraq. This research programme aims to increase the understanding of the drivers and dynamics of such arrangements, as well as their impact on the nature and quality of governance and (future) statebuilding processes during and after conflict.

Conflict and Fragility
Drivers of urban reconstruction in Syria
31 Jan 2018 - 12:56
Conflict and Fragility
Is regional turmoil likely to result in conflict in Lebanon?
20 Dec 2017 - 14:28
Conflict and Fragility
Return of authoritarianism primes Middle East for more conflict
19 Dec 2017 - 13:33
Conflict and Fragility
Reconstructing Syria: limitations and possibilities
09 Nov 2017 - 14:15
Conflict and Fragility
Eye of the Storm: Ethiopia Amid Middle Eastern Conflict
31 Oct 2017 - 10:13
Conflict and Fragility
Syrian militias supporting Assad: How autonomous are they?
29 Jan 2018 - 12:34
Conflict and Fragility
Iraq's competing security forces after the battle for Mosul
28 Aug 2017 - 15:32
Conflict and Fragility
Iraq’s Shi’a: A house divided
13 Feb 2018 - 14:33
Conflict and Fragility
From Ramallah to Paris: The Middle East’s forgotten conflict
18 Jan 2017 - 11:26
Conflict and Fragility
The Syrian Humpty-Dumpty
16 Jan 2017 - 12:42
Conflict and Fragility
Iraqi imbroglio: the Islamic State and beyond
24 Nov 2014 - 15:27
Conflict and Fragility
Irak: waar zijn de diplomaten en spionnen?
13 Oct 2014 - 10:12
Conflict and Fragility
Langdurig strijd in de Levant
09 Oct 2014 - 18:21
Conflict and Fragility
The Case for Greater Western Intervention in Syria and Iraq
27 Aug 2014 - 09:31
Conflict and Fragility
Syria’s raging civil war and the west’s inertia
07 Aug 2014 - 16:01
Conflict and Fragility
Options for addressing the Syrian civil war
24 Jul 2014 - 11:57
Conflict and Fragility
Holy war and liberal peace
16 Jun 2014 - 16:32
Conflict and Fragility
Yemen’s future: like Tunisia or Libya?
05 Feb 2014 - 10:54
Conflict and Fragility
Gauging ‘success’ in Yemen’s National Dialogue
30 Sep 2013 - 10:46
Trade and Globalisation
A war of all against the war
03 Sep 2013 - 10:03
Conflict and Fragility
EU cannot get its Syrian act together
16 May 2013 - 17:18
Conflict and Fragility
Stability and economic recovery after Assad
14 Nov 2012 - 10:24
Conflict and Fragility
Syria: take a deep breath
12 Nov 2012 - 10:07
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Staff involved
Ana Uzelac
Senior Research Fellow
Erwin van Veen
Senior Research Fellow
Floor El Kamouni-Janssen
Research Fellow
Willem van den Berg
Research Assistant
Feike Fliervoet
Visiting Research Fellow