The Stockholm programme addresses some of the weaknesses of EU border policies, notably on fundamental rights. It seems however that this 'human control' dimension is not balanced well enough by progresses in terms of human mobility. Facilitating labour migration and rethinking integration policies are necessary for the sustainability of European societies and economies in the coming decades. A psychological barrier on how to communicate the benefits of other EU or non-EU migration in Europe needs to be overcome. Stockholm is therefore only a small step in the right direction.