Don't tell the British the consequences of Brexit (now)

12 May 2016 - 11:50
Source: raghavvidya / Flickr

If the British leave the EU after their referendum on 23 June, it will no longer be business as usual. EU leaders have signalled that if European integration is rejected, the British cannot count on continued smooth economic cooperation with the EU.

The fact that Member States are distanced if they do not cooperate with ongoing European integration was evident at the end of last year after the Danish referendum in which voters rejected increased police cooperation in Europol. Neither Europol nor the EU have anything to gain from this tough European stance, of course. Denmark was one of the most constructive partners in Europol. The result of the Danish referendum was a ‘no’ to supranational police cooperation. The Danes are cooperative and thorough when it comes to cooperating with Europol, but they do not want to be subsumed in it. When Denmark’s Premier Rasmussen had to explain the ‘no’ in Brussels last December, he was told that further cooperation with Europol would now be difficult for Denmark. Here you see the great European paradox: if a country rejects the ideal of European integration, it cannot count on European cooperation. European integration takes precedence over European cooperation. Only criminals benefit from the EU’s tough stance.

It would be equally unfavourable if the EU erected trade barriers after a Brexit. The polls show the ‘Remain’ and ‘Leave’ sides neck and neck. One of the arguments of the Remain camp is that the EU and other trade blocs will punish the United Kingdom with trade barriers. This message was underlined last week in London by Barack Obama with his ‘you’ll go to the back of the queue for trade deals’, while former Commission President José Manuel Barroso characterised the mood among Member States with the words ‘your negotiations with the EU will be long and complex’.

These threats may be more than just a means of pressuring the British to stay on the straight and narrow. In France, 40% of people are in favour of Brexit and only 27% believe it would have negative consequences. Perhaps French aircraft manufacturers would also like the idea of import duties on Airbus wings. European negotiators have run out of patience with the British and their opt-outs. Not everyone is as fearful of Brexit as the Dutch. The principal fear is of course of a domino effect in the EU. Member States must not be able to think you can leave the EU and hope for open borders.

It is also irritating for the EU in a practical sense if members deviate from supranational European integration. It will be complex for the EU, and for the European Commission, if bilateral deals have to be concluded all the time. As well as all the complex negotiations with individual countries such as Switzerland and the micro-bloc of the European Economic Area (Norway, Liechtenstein and Iceland), a major problem with this type of agreement is that countries feel less compelled to comply with them to the letter. The traditional pattern of European integration offers more legal certainty than individual trade agreements.

After the Danish exit from Europol, it is expected that all sides will seek renewed cooperation after a certain time. But leniency after a Brexit is difficult to imagine. It is nevertheless in the interest of the Netherlands to prevent the British, or the Danes, being punished for their vain quest for sovereignty.

First, obstacles to economic or judicial cooperation are bad for the EU and the Netherlands. The departure of the Danes means Europol has lost a major player, while the United Kingdom accounts for just under 10% of our imports and exports. For the Netherlands, free trade and security are the key benefits of European cooperation.

Second, the United Kingdom and Denmark are not members of the euro area. The distance they seek from the EU is different from, for example, Marine Le Pen’s wish to hold a similar ‘in-out’ referendum in France.

Third, the argument that it is so difficult to conclude separate agreements with surrounding countries cuts no ice. There are already plenty of trade and other agreements and a few more would pose no problem.

Finally, it must not be the case that the British are punished because Member States are frightened of existential EU debates in their ranks. Fear of democratic processes must not be a reason to withhold cooperation from the United Kingdom or Denmark.

It is understandable that Western leaders will give the British a hard time about a possible exit until 23 June. But after 23 June let us separate the key issues from secondary concerns. European cooperation is about free trade and other forms of cooperation. Trade barriers or other obstacles have no place on this continent. But don’t tell the British that just yet…

A shorter version of this opinion appeared at NRC.nl on 11 May 2016.

1081 Comments

Load comments

Here's for Stream The Dark Knight Online Free Fmovies 4K 720p! Stream DisneyPlus The Dark Knight (2008) online film in Eng Sub.#The Dark Knight #The Dark KnightMovie.

The movie 𝐂𝐥𝐢𝐜𝐤 𝐍𝐨𝐰 ➤ The Dark Knight Online Free https://gomoviesc.fun/movie/tt0468569/the-dark-knight.html

The movie 𝐇𝐞𝐫𝐞 ➤ The Dark Knight Online Free

I want to Stream The Dark Knight Online Free Fmovies? Find out about where to watch, Streaming or download "The Dark Knight" movie online fee on Movies 123. ‘The Dark Knight’ an now available to download at SolarMovie.

Motion Picture arrive provided for the Watching The Dark Knight Full Movie Online Free (2008) Christian Bale, Michael Caine, Heath Ledger, Gary Oldman, Aaron Eckhart, Maggie Gyllenhaal. hailing, All Disney big fan, young and older - Here's a you can watch The Dark Knight. a can you already re-watch the first The Dark Knight online free.

Stream The Dark Knight Online Free Fmovies is now streaming at GoMovie

Stream The Dark Knight Online Free Fmovies movie is now streaming at Fmovies-to.

Stream The Dark Knight Online Free Fmovies Batman raises the stakes in his war on crime. With the help of Lt. Jim Gordon and District Attorney Harvey Dent, Batman sets out to dismantle the remaining criminal organizations that plague the streets. The partnership proves to be effective, but they soon find themselves prey to a reign of chaos unleashed by a rising criminal mastermind known to the terrified citizens of Gotham as the Joker.

Director: James Cameron
Starring: Christian Bale, Michael Caine, Heath Ledger, Gary Oldman, Aaron Eckhart, Maggie Gyllenhaal
Genres: Drama, Action, Crime, Thriller
Subtitles: English [CC], South-Korea, Sweden, Japan, Espain, France, Norway, Italy, Portugal, Denmark, Belgia, Finland, Germany, Belanda, polandia, ETC.
Audio languages: English, English [Audio Description]
IMDB Rate: 22737Quality: HD

Supporting actors: Christian Bale, Michael Caine, Heath Ledger, Gary Oldman, Aaron Eckhart, Maggie Gyllenhaal
Producers: Christian Bale DC Comics
Studio: MPAA rating: PG-13 (Parents Strongly Cautioned)
Purchase rights: Stream Details instantly.
Format: Prime Video (streaming online video) Devices Available to watch on supported devices

The Dark Knight was available to Download from Google Drive, Putlcoker, Youtube, CafeMovies Prime Video and others US streaming Website platforms.

How to Watch The 2008 The Dark Knight Streaming on Movie 123

Where Else Can I Download The The Dark Knight Movie Online?

Good news for watch of Putlocker the Movie, a Drama, Action, Crime, Thriller streaming service: The Dark Knight are available for stream for free! If you don’t have an Moviego 123, you can streaming Movies Free.

If you do not want to do that, and if you do wants to download downloadingdownloads|purchasing} or rent the Film at Amazon Prime, you can also watch or streaming free ‘The Dark Knight’ on 123Movies, Putlocker, GoMovies, Fmovies or wHerever you prefer to streaming digital content.

When 'll ‘The Dark Knight’ be Release Digital?

The Dark Knight jumps onto digital at 2008-07-16. If you like owning movies digitally, you can pick that Movie up in your fave VOD store. That includes iTunes, Prime Video, FandanGoNow, Google Play, Vudu, and more. If you like for have your movies in digital and physical forms, know that you can get a digitally copy with the 4K, Blu-ray, and DVD copies of the Films. Those copies come out a few weeks later.

When Would The Dark Knight be Provided for Streaming Digital?

If you only want for stream Stream The Dark Knight Online Free Fmovies, you’ll be able for download it on Putlocker Reddit begin on 2008-07-16 .

When Would the The Dark Knight [Blu-ray/DVD] be released?

The Dark Knight 'll and at [Blu-ray + DVD + Digital] came with a [Blu-ray] comes with a digital copy.

Found Movies online Site. Watch movies Online Free Europe. Watch Full Movies on Google. provided, Established on 2008, Online Entertainment Industry.

How do I Streaming The Dark Knight Online?

If you wants for Stream The Dark Knight Online Free Fmovies Movies go 123, you’re Will for have for stream that, regrettably. that Excellent news is you can watch or download a digital copy of the Movie to an highly really Simple for watch or steaming download from 123Movies, Putlocker, Fmovies, or any you pick for download digitally content. delighted legal streaming!

Which to Download The Dark Knight?

If you want to download The Dark Knight online you can download it for free in Putlockertv Movies can be watched with streaming or download.

Is The Dark Knight Provided Online?

Stream The Dark Knight Online Free Fmovies Are guest yours and you can even stream it watch free. 123Movies has apps for iOS and Android (of course), and is Available for download online via are likes of 123Movies, putlocker Fmovies Movies Popcorn streaming devices.

Where we can Stream The Dark Knight?

Be, such as of right now, who best — well, only — place for stream ‘The Dark Knight’ Stream The Dark Knight Online Free Fmovies Watch movies Online Free best Websites of fee is on {Putlocker url. to those whom not already subscribed to which fast widen service, are is also that forth Stream at Putlocker the Movie of 123 movies, Fmovies, Gomovies, Putlocker, CafeMovies a free streaing website is provided to Watch anytime and anywhere you wanted to Stream.

Can you Streaming ‘The Dark Knight’ on 123Movies te?

And because Fmovies se created are Film, who all took on 123. As well as The Dark Knight, you can Download that original The Dark Knight for look what all the fuss is about. THere's as well an making-of entitled to which Note: Making The Dark Knight and three The Dark Knight Drama, Action, Crime, Thriller .

Watch full free movies Online Free & TV Shows Browse and Watch all your favorite Watch Full Movies with English Subtitles & series for free! Stream The Dark Knight Online Free Fmovies.

Stream The Dark Knight Online Free Fmovies , ‘The Dark Knight’ (2008) 123Movie Full Movie, The Dark Knight (2008) Online Movies Watch. 123Movies Watch Online ‘The Dark Knight’: Complete movies Free Online

123Movies Watch The Dark Knight Movies Online Free. On 123movies anyone can watch latest movies and daily tv series online without registration at HD Watch Is 123Movies, Putlocker, Gomovies, Fmovies, CafeMovies, etc. Streaming The Dark Knight? Find wHere for watch movies online now!

Movies to go 123 - watch movies online freeWatch Full Movies hollywood and getting start Stream The Dark Knight Online Free Fmovies 123 movies for download or watch tv series and film ultimate effective site to watch movies streaming.

Movies comes ready to the Watching Baby Driver Full Movie Online Free (2018) Ansel Elgort, Kevin Spacey, Lily James, Jon Bernthal, Jon Hamm, Jamie Foxx. Calling, All Movie Disney fan, young and older - a you can watch Baby Driver. you can has been re-watch previous ‘Baby Driver’ online free.

Watch Baby Driver Online Free Movies 123 Go, How to Download ‘Baby Driver’ Movie Putlocker com is right now streaming at Putlocker the Movie

Watch Baby Driver Online Free Movies 123 Go, How to Download ‘Baby Driver’ Movie Putlocker com movie is right now streaming at Stream.

https://twitter.com/i/events/1282985435564662785
https://www.deviantart.com/babydriver123/journal/Baby-Driver-Full-Movie…
https://www.justgiving.com/team/Baby-Driver-Full-Movie-Online-Free
https://form.run/@Watch-Baby-Driver-Online-Free-Movies-Go-123
https://www.giantbomb.com/profile/sanboarin/blog/watch-baby-driver-onli…
https://www.giantbomb.com/profile/sanboarin/

Add new comment

Your name: Anonymous

Restricted HTML

  • Allowed HTML tags: <a href hreflang> <em> <strong> <cite> <blockquote cite> <code> <ul type> <ol start type> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <h2 id> <h3 id> <h4 id> <h5 id> <h6 id>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically.

Plain text

  • No HTML tags allowed.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically.