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The Clingendael International Sustainability Centre (CISC) has the ambition to connect expertise on security and European policy explicitly to the realm of sustainability. Activities focus on how the public and private sector can contribute to the transition towards a climate friendly and circular economy and respond to climate change and related water and food scarcity.

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Head of Unit EU & Global Affairs/ Senior Research Fellow
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PublicationsClimate Change

EU Green Energy Diplomacy towards Kazakhstan

19 October 2021 - 11:12

The relationship between the EU and Kazakhstan has historically been dominated by trade in oil and natural gas. However, the EU’s Green Deal and commitment to reach climate-neutrality by 2050 means that the bloc is slowly but surely reducing foreign non-renewable energy imports.

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Institute Clingendael realizes research, training and consultancy for national and international parties.

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Europe and the EUResearch programme