EU Forum

Security

Numbers are easier than strategies

19 Sep 2017 - 09:58
Source: European Council/Flickr

Everyone seems to agree that Europe needs to strengthen its defence. The changes in the European security political environment are obvious and demand simultaneous action on various fronts. The UK’s approaching withdrawal from the EU forms another reason to consolidate defence cooperation among the remaining 27 member states. Hence, there is considerable support for the current initiatives in the EU’s security and defence policy, which are taking this policy in a more pragmatic direction. These initiatives are now taken forward by a renewed Franco-German tandem with a particularly strong commitment to a deepening EU integration.

The planning and production of military capabilities is first of all meant to become a more joint European project. The European Defence Fund will take cooperation in R & T and joint purchases to a new level. Together with other supportive measures being adopted, it aims to safeguard the vitality and competitiveness of the European defence industry. A more concerted production of capabilities necessitates more concerted planning when it comes to needs. Procurement cooperation is, consequently, expected to foster a more cooperative approach among European governments when it comes to identifying their capability requirements. The activation of the long dormant clause on Permanent Structured Cooperation (Pesco) is expected after the German elections and should push both operational and procurement cooperation along.

A strong focus on capabilities is beneficial also from NATO’s perspective and makes its relationship with the EU much less strained. Using the EU’s policies and instruments to their full potential should increase the efficiency of European defence budgets and help European allies to reach their 2% targets within NATO. Enhanced cooperative planning and the production of capabilities within the EU should benefit all potential users of those capabilities, with NATO being the chief beneficiary among them.

The new approach to European defence policy revolves around money. It is not the first time that economic necessities have compelled the member states to move ahead with European integration. It seems to be much easier to formulate the common goals for European defence in terms of numbers, such as levels of spending, numbers of troops, and types of procurement, rather than by agreeing on the strategic needs. From a functional perspective, defining strategic needs should come first, however.

Nonetheless, the most recent efforts that have been made to agree on the EU’s strategic needs and to link them to its capability planning deserve recognition. The EU’s Global Strategy adopted in 2016 is very clear-cut in dividing the EU’s major security interests into the protection of its own citizens and territory, the resilience of its neighbourhood, and issues of global security. A historic step was taken in the form of the implementation plan on defence – and corresponding Council conclusions – translating these strategic priorities into needs in terms of policies and instruments.

First of all, the Global Strategy made it clear that it is no longer possible for the EU to rest on its laurels when it comes to hard security needs. European defence is a joint responsibility and the protection the EU requires takes a variety of forms. Second, the new documents made it obvious that there is a fine line between internal and external security.

That said, the EU should now adopt an equally bold approach in defining its strategic capability needs in terms of their nature and planned tasks. If the EU – in the atmosphere of its global strategy – wants to send a strong message to potential aggressors against its internal and external security – coherence between words and deeds is required to achieve the necessary credibility and deterrence. The EU has thus far been reluctant to step into this field in order not to undermine the role of NATO in European hard security. But in the same way that an EU that is well-resourced and solid in terms of its military technology can be seen to serve NATO’s purposes, so can an EU that is alert to its strategic needs and vulnerabilities.

With its common external borders and level of internal interdependencies, the EU will be an attractive target for multiple aggressors unless it is able to send a much more convincing message about its ability and willingness to take full advantage of its accumulated defence potential. The scene is now set for a strong Franco-German leadership on this issue as complementing the EU’s role in security and defence has to be built on their firm mutual commitment.

-------------

Teija Tiilikainen is Director of the Finnish Institute of International Affairs and Editor in chief of Ulkopolitiikka - the Finnish Journal of Foreign Affairs.

1743 Comments

Load comments

At GoGetEssays.com you will receive: Any paper for any academic level
Direct communication with your writer
Up-to-date scientific resources only
A 15% discount for the first order is provided. So, you can feel safe to buy research papers, term papers, custom essays online, <a href =”https://gogetessays.com/summary-essay”>essay summary</a> , ect.

Every customer of EssaysService.com is very important to us and is treated as an individual. We pride ourselves in our ability to individualize both service and product to the needs of each unique client. We are flexible, responsive, and thoroughly professional. You will not find any service with better customer support or more guarantees than we offer. No order is too simplistic or to complex for our team, as you will discover once you have used our service. Contact us today and discover what a truly professional writing service can do for you! https://essaysservice.com/

Nathan William
Fri, 12/07/2018 - 09:49

Permalink

Now, there are many students like you who are very sceptical about paying for assignments online. It is a common belief that these services are all scams and a student will lose all of their money if they spend money on these. But, this is entirely wrong. There are many genuine companies that provide high-quality assignment writing service that can really help students to achieve academic success. visit-
https://myassignmenthelp.com/do_my_assignment.html

Analytics is the process of analyzing a large amount of data so that a company can find solutions for their problem. Analytics is a topic that is quite popular in statistics, and it prepares students to be the next problem solver in the coming years. However, analytic assignments and homework tend to be challenging to so many students. It is the reason why most of them seek online Analytics assignment help from experts.

Getting help with Analytics assignment will save you a lot in terms of time and quality grades. We have a team of Analytics tutors who are highly knowledgeable and trained in this area. Our team of Analytics online tutor has over ten years of experience in the field, and they tend to know what many lecturers or teachers want in the assignment. The Statistics Assignment Help have helped thousands of students with their analytic assignment and homework. The vast experience in the industry has enabled us to be a global leader. We also prepare students for the exam apart from offering Analytics assignment help. Our Analytics tutors have been in the teaching fraternity for over ten years, and they know the best approach to adopt.

https://www.thestatisticsassignmenthelp.com/analytica-assignment-help

Management Assignment Help is sought after by all students seeking after management examines, it is one of the way that management students dependably need to apply things what they are realizing.
In this digitized world, students were relegated with a few undertakings at any given moment, and students need to learn multi-entrusting while at the same time making the most of their life, so management students have figured out how to complete their function effortlessly alongside sparing time and making the most of their life and handle numerous assignments.

Are you stuck with your assignment and need assistance? We at https://www.theprogrammingassignmenthelp.com/ have a storehouse of expert writers. During college years students have to deliver impressive assignments ad paper work consistently. We have helped a number of students in a wide range of topics related to their subject courses pursuing courses in colleges and universities in Australia. If you are striving for customized help in your assignment, essay, research paper, then we are here to assist you with our high quality solutions. Every assignment coming from our team is 100% unique and plagiarism free. Here are some features of https://www.theprogrammingassignmenthelp.com/computer-security-assignme… that that will let you know why we are best:
https://www.theprogrammingassignmenthelp.com/ customer support team is always available to help you resolve any doubts or questions. Don’t worry if you are a fresher in college or an experienced, we have renowned writers to help you in every subject in every stage. If you have any query you can reach us any time and our representatives will immediately assist you with an instant solution. https://www.theprogrammingassignmenthelp.com/computer-security-assignme… have a dedicate team of writers who are qualified in different fields and the quality analyst team and a customer support team. We only hire the experts having an enough experience in relevant field. https://www.theprogrammingassignmenthelp.com reliable team of experts focuses on analytical thinking and writes the assignment in a very exceptional manner. Your assignment is written by our experts and our quality analyst team will ensure efficient editing services where the assignments are checked multiple times for a range of quality parameters. Actual difference is only made by the quality of any work. After associating with our service you will be assured of the work quality. All our subject matter expert writers consider the assignment as their own. They ensure that you will get the best possible grades in the class. We know the importance if assignment in a student’s life. The solutions provided by our team are detailed which covers every aspects of an assignment.

https://www.theprogrammingassignmenthelp.com/computer-security-assignme…
#HomeworkHelpCanada #ComputerSecurityHelpMalaysia #AsisgnmentHelpUAE #HomeworkHelpUAE #DoComputerSecurityAssignment #HomeworkHelpUSA #ComputerSecurityHomeworkHelp #ComputerSecurityassignmentexperts #AssignmentHelpUSA #assignmenthelpUK #ComputerSecurityAssignmenthelp #ComputerSecurityHelp #assignmenthelpcanada #HomeworkHelpAustralia

Add new comment

Your name: Anonymous

Restricted HTML

  • Allowed HTML tags: <a href hreflang> <em> <strong> <cite> <blockquote cite> <code> <ul type> <ol start type> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <h2 id> <h3 id> <h4 id> <h5 id> <h6 id>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically.

Plain text

  • No HTML tags allowed.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically.