This report is part of our upcoming Strategic Monitor 2019 - 2020 which monitors global trends and assesses risks and opportunities for Dutch national security.
Geopolitical competition is currently reshaping the global economy, and economic power and means are increasingly used for political purposes. Simultaneously, the fast-changing and increasingly complex contemporary geopolitical context has shifted increasing attention to economic security. Following these developments, it can be said that the economy and (geo)politics are increasingly interwoven. Hence, it is not surprising that economic security has been receiving increasing attention from both European as well as Dutch policymakers. It includes among other things foreign takeovers and investments, trade espionage, security of energy supply, etc. Moreover, in the absence of global leadership, global norms and standards are currently under pressure. There are numerous examples that demonstrate this, such as the trade war between the United States (US) and China, and concerns about the Chinese technology giant Huawei, which is accused of being a tool for espionage by the Chinese government.