Security and Defence
The Security Unit focuses on the nature of security challenges for the world, Europe and the Netherlands and the ability to deal with them. Security is understood as a broad concept, ranging from defence to cross-border security issues. Themes therefore range from territorial defence to cyber threats, from nuclear weapons to migration challenges, terrorism and transnational organised crime.
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To strengthen European defense cooperation, two years ago the French President Emmanuel Macron launched the European Intervention Initiative (EI2). His aim was not to create a new standby force, but to ultimately develop a shared strategic culture. A closer analysis of the differences between EI2 members shows the challenges confronting this shared culture-building ambition.