Photo: Hacker Warehouse, Santiago Zavala / flickr

Within the cyber security theme at Clingendael there is a focus at cyber threats from a strategic policy perspective. Issues such as attribution, resilience, deterrence, retaliation and international cooperation and norms-setting are central to our research agenda.

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State-level responses to massive cyber-attacks: a policy toolbox

12 December 2018 - 11:25

How can states respond to massive cyber-attacks targeting their society? Exploration of tools, policy instruments, and diplomatic and non-diplomatic responses.

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