Dick Zandee is Senior Research Fellow and Head of the Security Unit of the Research department. His research focuses on security and defence issues, including strategies, policies, capability development, research and technology, armaments cooperation and industrial aspects. Recent subjects are: the implementation of the EU Global Strategy, in particular Permanent Structured Cooperation and the European Defence Fund; the future of NATO, multinational defence cooperation, including the European Intervention Initiative. He also focuses on current news in the security and defence area, commenting in the press and to other media.
Prior to his work at Clingendael, he was Head of the Planning & Policy Unit of the European Defence Agency. Following his graduation from Leiden University with a Master’s degree in Modern History, he has had a lengthy and distinguished career with political-military functions at a national level in the Netherlands and internationally for NATO and the EU.