Conflict and Fragility

Conflict and Fragility

The Sahel Programme

22 Nov 2019 - 21:54
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CRU’s Sahel Programme focuses on security and survival under fragmented sovereignty in the greater Sahel region, and how intervention strategies can be better adjusted to these dynamics.


Many states in the greater Sahel region, such as Mali, Niger and Libya, fail to deliver essential public goods and services to substantial parts of their populations. Individuals therefore often look outside of the state for their security and survival. In this sense, joining armed (Islamist) organisations or criminal groups, illicit cross-border trading (including human smuggling), migration, and the use of customary law structures all serve a similar purpose: they foresee in people’s direct needs. This research programme focuses on how development and stabilisation programmes could contribute to a situation in which a) exclusionary and/or ineffective governance structures are opened up and strengthened so that larger parts of the population have access to the goods and services that the state is formally expected to supply; b) the ability of criminal and/or armed (extremist) groups to provide alternative goods and services is weakened; while c) ensuring that the inevitable conflict that will ensue over the alteration of this status quo can be resolved in as non-violent a manner as possible.


Conflict and Fragility

Legitimacy of traditional authorities: Mali, Niger and Libya

30 Sep 2019 - 11:21

Conflict and Fragility

Malian customary justice and international human rights

09 Apr 2018 - 16:16

Conflict and Fragility

Crisis Alerts Libya

30 Nov 2017 - 12:20


Turning the tide

31 Jan 2017 - 13:12

Conflict and Fragility

ECFR Paris Podcast: Regional stability in the Sahel

13 Jun 2017 - 15:55

Conflict and Fragility
Niger on the eve of elections
11 Feb 2016 - 17:36
Conflict and Fragility
Clingendael presents overview of results Sahel Programme
15 Jan 2016 - 13:11
Conflict and Fragility
Fix the unfixable: how to bring greater stability to the Sahel?
08 Jan 2016 - 10:10
Conflict and Fragility
Pluralisme juridique au Mali: acceptation et réconciliation
30 Nov 2015 - 13:56
Conflict and Fragility
Criminal justice in Mali in crisis: Steps for improvement
12 Nov 2015 - 13:29
Trade and Globalisation
China’s Evolving Role in Peacekeeping and African Security
14 Sep 2015 - 11:47
Conflict and Fragility
Addressing Libya’s multiple crises
03 Jul 2015 - 14:12
Conflict and Fragility
A snapshot of Mali three years after the 2012 crisis
08 Jun 2015 - 12:01
Conflict and Fragility
Islamic State franchising
20 Apr 2015 - 09:57
Conflict and Fragility
The roots of Mali's conflict: Moving beyond the 2012 crisis
13 Apr 2015 - 10:23
Conflict and Fragility
Commentary: Bamako’s new government
11 Feb 2015 - 16:10
Conflict and Fragility
Azawad and the rights of passage
12 Jan 2015 - 10:24
Conflict and Fragility
Commentary: Sergei Boeke discusses security in Mali
15 Dec 2014 - 12:00
Conflict and Fragility
Upgrading Peacekeeping to Counter Transnational Conflict Drivers
25 Sep 2014 - 17:52
Conflict and Fragility
The New Criminal Blitz: Mali, Iraq and the Business of Asymmetry
25 Jul 2014 - 09:07
Conflict and Fragility
Mali: kruitvat van wapens en grieven
06 Jun 2014 - 13:27
Conflict and Fragility
Crime after Jihad: illicit business in post-conflict Mali
15 May 2014 - 12:23
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Staff involved
Fransje Molenaar
Senior Research Fellow
Floor El Kamouni-Janssen
Former Research Fellow
Anca-Elena Ursu
Former Research Fellow
Kars de Bruijne
Research Fellow
Mariska van Beijnum
Head Conflict Research Unit / Senior Research Fellow
Erwin van Veen
Senior Research Fellow
Anette Hoffmann
Senior Research Associate
Megan Price
Head of Office KPSRL / Senior Research Fellow
Frans-Paul van der Putten
Senior Research Fellow
Diana Goff
Former Research Fellow
Marianne Ducasse-Rogier
Senior Training and Research Fellow