Europe in the World
The Europe in the World unit offers policy analysis and advice on how Europe and the Netherlands can pursue their interests in today’s volatile geopolitical landscape. Turmoil in the neighbourhood, rising protectionism, technological change, a pending Brexit and competing major powers demand fresh thinking. How should Europe’s foreign, security, trade and energy policies adapt?
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The relationship between the EU and Kazakhstan has historically been dominated by trade in oil and natural gas. However, the EU’s Green Deal and commitment to reach climate-neutrality by 2050 means that the bloc is slowly but surely reducing foreign non-renewable energy imports.